Unit Ct238 Essay

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Unit CT238 Understand what dementia is: 1.1 The word dementia describes a set of symptoms that may include memory loss and difficulties with thinking, problem solving or language. Dementia is caused when the brain is damaged by diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease or a series of strokes. 1.2 Temporal lobe- Responsible foe vision, memory, language, hearing, learning frontal, Lobe- Responsible for decision making, problem solving, control behaviour and Emotionsparietal lobe- Responsible for sensory information for the body, also where letters are formed, putting things order and spatial awareness occipital. 1.3 Because they both manifest with similar symptoms, depression coupled with aged related memory impairment looks the same as dementia to the untrained eye. The difference is depression delirium responds to treatment with anti- depressions, once you get on top of the depression you can put age related memory loss into perspective. If it is genuine dementia it will not get better, but there are medication that can ease the symptom. Understand key features of the theoretical models of dementia 2.1 The medical model focuses on the impairment as the problem and focuses on a cure, these may be dependency, restriction of choice, disempowerment and devaluing individuals. 2.2 This is personal centred, focusing on rights to the individual, in turn empowering the individual, promoting independence, giving choice and looking at what the individual is able to do. 2.3 Individuals who have dementia are not aware of the requirement for living, They can forget to do the essential things that are vital, taking medication, personal hygiene, eating are often forgotten. They can get lost or hurt and not understand what is necessary to correct the situation. Individuals cannot act in a manner of a responsible adult which why dementia is viewed as a

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