Unit 4222-368 Essay

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Unit 4222-368 Understand the administration of medication to individuals with dementia using a person centred approach (DEM 305) Outcome 1 Understand the common medications used to treat symptoms of dementia 1.1 Outline the most common medications used to treat symptoms of dementia * Donepezil, Rivastigmine * tranquilliser or an antipsychotic medicine * Anti-depressants * Sleeping tablets 1.2 Describe how commonly used medications affect individuals with dementia Donepezil and Rivastigmine are medicines used to prevent the breakdown of a brain chemical called acetylcholine. Acetylcholine is needed for the nerve cells in the brain to work properly. Also helps with memory. Antipsychotics are medicines that can be used to treat behaviour, such as aggression or agitation. Anti-depressants may be advised if depression is suspected. Depression is common in people with dementia and may be overlooked. Sleeping tablets are sometimes needed if difficulty sleeping is a persistent problem. 1.3 Outline the risks and benefits of antipsychotic medication for individuals with dementia Antipsychotics The use of using antipsychotic medicines can help treat aggression and agitation, which could also * aid better sleep, * being more cooperative, * being able to participate in daily living tasks, * able to make own decisions Possible side effects of antipsychotics can include: • drowsiness • shaking • trembling • muscle twitches • spasms • weight gain • blurred vision • constipation • lack of sex drive • dry mouth However, they are used with caution and usually for short periods because they can: * increase the risk of a person experiencing cardiovascular diseases, such as stroke or heart attack * make other symptoms of dementia worse and cause drowsiness. If antipsychotics are used, they will be

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