ADMINISTER MEDICATION TO INDIVIDUALS AND MONITOR THE EFFECTS (ASM34) 1.1 Identify current legislation, guidelines policies and protocols relevant to the administration of medication. *The medicines act 1968 *COSHH *The health and safety at work act 1974 *The misuse of drugs act 1985 *health and social care act *Data protection act 2.1 Describe common types of medication including their effects and potential side effects. *Analgesics:-Codeine it is used for pain relief and the side effects can be headaches, nausea and dizziness. *Antibiotics:-Amoxicillin, it is a penicillin based antibiotics which fights bacteria in the body and fight infections. The side effects can be fever, joint pain, red skin rash and dark coloured urine.
As the symptoms get better or worse you may need to change the medications or the dosage. Some of the most common used medications to treat lupus are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as Aleve, Advil, Motrin IB and others. These medications will help with fever and swelling. Some risks of these drugs are stomach bleeding, kidney problems and increased risk of heart problems. Antimalarial drugs, which are used to treat malaria can also help control lupus but can come with the side effects of upset stomach and uncommonly damage to the retina.
Diuretics – this helps to control water in the body. Antacids – counteracts acidity. The common adverse reactions to the above medication are: Headache, dizziness, diarrhoea, constipation, stomach pains, feeling or being sick, wind , dry or sore mouth or throat, skin rash, itching, changes in liver function test values and tiredness. Each of the above can be recognised very easily, except for the liver function which would be found through a blood test. Medication should be stopped immediately and medical help sought.
Another very common medication is rivastigmine which is also used to treat Alzheimer’s disease. These medications reduce the feelings of anxiety, the confusion, the dilusions and the hallucinations. These medications have been seen to be used also as a calming medication. 3. Explain the risks and benefits of anti-psychotic medication for individuals with dementia When an anti-psychotic is used for more than 12 weeks they can cause a number of side affects.
Diarrhoea, feeling sick and vomiting are the most common side effects. Some people get a fungal infection such as thrush after treatment with antibiotics for a longer period of time. More serious side-effects of antibiotics include kidney problems, blood disorders, increased sensitivity to the sun and deafness. However, these are rare. Antidepressants e.g.
Administer Medication to Individuals, and Monitor the Effects Outcome 1 - Identify current legislation, guidelines policies and protocols relevant to the administration of medication 1.1 - The current legislation that is relevant to administration of medication in social care is: Care standards act 2000 Mental capacity act 2005 Mental capacity act 200 The medicines act 1988 The misuse of drugs act 1971 The data protection act 1998 The health and social care act 2001 The heath act 2000 Health and safety work act 1974 The control of substances hazardous to health regulation 1999 (COSHH) The access to health records act 1990 Mental capacity act 2005 Outcome 2 - Know about common types of medication and their use 2.1 - Describe common types of medication including their effects and potential side-effects Common types of medication are: • Antibiotics – antibiotics are used to treat infections. Side effects can include diarrhoea, stomach pain, bloating and feeling sick. • Antidepressants – Used to treats depression or other mental health problems, certain groups of antidepressants can also be used to treat nerve or muscle pain. Some people experience side effects which can be blurred vision or feeling dizzy. Lack of appetite, feeling sick or feeling agitated and irritable.
This is a sharp or stabbing pain that is commonly accentuated by exertion, respiration and changes in posture such as leaning forward, it may be worse when lying down but pain is relieved when sitting up. This type of pain tends to occur after (MI), viral infections and thoracic radiotherapy. If the pharmacist thinks that the patient may be suffering from this condition they are advised to consider immediate referral to hospital, especially if there is the possibility of acute myocardial infarction (MI) or pulmonary embolism (PE), which may present with similar features. The pharmacist should examine the patient using some of the questions mentioned in the previous initial assessment flowchart. The main alarm features that the pharmacist should look out for are symptoms of cardiac tamponade or constrictive pericarditis such as rapidly rising intra-pericardial pressure, haemorrhage and hypotension with low pulse pressure.
Anti-psychotic medications are indicated for schizophrenia, mania, autism and to treat the symptoms of psychosis. Symptoms of psychosis may include hallucinations, delusions, bizarre behavior, disorganized thinking, and agitation. Some of the typical antipsychotic medications such as chlorpromazine, are used as anti-emetics or for postoperative intractable hiccups. Antipsychotic medications administered orally have a variable rate of absorption complicated by the presence of food, antacids, and smoking. Administering antipsychotic medication with anticholinergic drugs will slow gastric motility.
(Bonander). Numerous studies have established that cannabinoids actually help reduce pain and other distressing symptoms (Zablock, Aidala, Hansell, and Raskin White 65-79). Evidence has been found linking medical marijuana to the treatment of appetite loss, glaucoma, nausea, vomiting, spasticity, and weight loss. Marijuana has also been used for treating arthritis, dystonia, insomnia, seizures, and Tourette’s syndrome (Earleywine). Some chemotherapy regimens are notorious for causing terrible bouts of nausea and vomiting.