Unit 396 Support Individuals with Multiple Conditions Andor Disabilities.

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1.1) Give examples of possible multiple conditions and/or disabilities that individuals may have. Rheumatoid Arthritis Rheumatoid Arthritis is a disease that causes damage to joints, organs, and bodily systems due to inflammation of joint tissues. While inflammation is usually a response by a person’s immune system to disease or infection, the immune system of a Rheumatoid Arthritis sufferer attacks the person’s healthy joints, causing pain, stiffness, and swelling in the joints, and a host of other symptoms. As the disease progresses, it causes difficulty in pursuing normal activities, even to the extent of interfering with walking, standing, getting dressed, personal grooming, and household chores. Severe Rheumatoid Arthritis is a crippling condition that often prevents people from working within five to ten years of diagnosis. Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis that is characterized by a gradual loss of cartilage in the joints. Cartilage is tough tissue that provides cushioning between the bones that make up the joints. Loss of this protective cushion often results in bone spurs and cysts and allows bones to rub on each other, which is extremely painful. The affected joints are usually “load-bearing” joints located in the knees, hands, hips, feet, and spine, although the condition often starts in a single joint. Osteoarthritis is also known as degenerative joint disease and as “wear and tear” arthritis. Amputation Amputation is defined as the complete severance of one of the body’s extremities. This may be due to a medical operation, an injury, or some other form of trauma. In any case, amputation by definition involves the loss of a body part such as a hand, foot, arm or leg. The symptoms associated with having an amputated limb

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