Uni8 Psychologic Essay

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Unit 8 P1 :Explain the principal psychological perspectives INVAN PALOV – CLASSICAL CONDITIONING [pic] Key words :Stumulus ← Classical conditioning is a automicatic type of learning in which a stimulus would gain the ability to remind a response that was originally called by another stimulus . ← Creator and Key Constitutors First described by Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) Russian physiologist in 1903 and studied in infants by John B. Watson (1878-1958) : Behavior is learnt through seeing what someone else does. This can be explained further through the experiment of classical conditioning. Classical conditioning was developed by Invan Pavlov . Pavlov used the experiment of dogs and food as to measure the levels of salivation that a dog . When food has been associated with the assistant . He developed this when he noticed that dog was starting to salivate at the sight of the bowl of food and not the taste . He decided to experiment neutral stimulus , It has no effect at the start but when he rang the bell when he brought the food to the dogs they started to associate the food ( Which made them salivate ) with the bell. Now that classical conditioning had taken place the dogs would salivate at the sound of the bell which was now the conditioned stimulus . [pic] I agree with Invan Pavlov theory because I think that you can control your response and behaviour towards things. http://peoplelearn.homestead.com/BEduc/Chapter_4.pdf http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/05/100517172300.htm http://psychology.about.com/od/classicalconditioning/a/pavlovs-dogs.htm B.F Skinner’s ( Burhus Frederick [pic] Another type of learning was shown in operant conditioning or reinforcement.This type of learning was introduced by B.F Skinner’s ( Burrhus Frederick Skinner) He was famous for inventing the skinner
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