Briefly Describe: (a) the Evolution of Cbt (B) the Key Features of Cbt.

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Essay Title. Briefly describe: (A) The Evolution of CBT (B) The key features of CBT. Introduction. It could be said that one of the major problems why people seek help in this case in the form of counselling, is the fact that they find it hard to cope with every day life, unaware of their behaviour and the way they think may well play the biggest part of their discomfort and how they interact with society, through years of study and research psychologists and alike devoted time and effort to developing what’s now become to be known as The CBT model of counselling. This short essay hopes to show how the theory behind the CBT model of counselling plays its part in the evolution of the struggle to understand the human psyche. At the beginning of the twentieth century behaviour therapy started to evolve which derived ...from the theories of human learning... p171 (1) Experiments were carried out on animals rather than humans for research. A Russian psychologist Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) ibid. whose interest at that time was the digestive system of dogs, had developed through his research and what is now known as “Classical Conditioning” “that dogs would salivate at the sight of food”. This observation lead Pavlov on to the belief that the dog learnt that at the sight of a stimulus it meant food, therefore it had “learnt” Dogs would normally salivate at the smell of food this is known as “unconditioned reflex” continuing with his experiments he found that by using other stimulus in this case a bell he could condition the dog to salivate on its sound even to the extent of the dog salivating at the sound of the bell though there was no food, “Classical Conditioning”. The bell known as the “unconditioned stimulus” and the dog salivating to its sound lead Pavlov on to label this response; “condition response”. Out of Pavlov theory grew the understanding

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