Tornadoes and Hurricanes

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A tornado is a violently rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of the earth and a cumulonimbus cloud or, in rare cases, the base of a cumulus cloud. They are also called twisters or cyclones. Tornadoes come in many shapes and sizes, but they are typically in the form of a visible condensation funnel, whose narrow end touches the earth and is often encircled by a cloud of debris and dust. While a hurricane which is also called a tropical cyclone is a storm system characterized by a low-pressure center and numerous thunderstorms that produce strong winds and heavy rain. They strengthen when water evaporated from the ocean is released as the saturated air rises, resulting in condensation of water vapor contained in the moist air. There are several similarities between hurricanes and tornadoes. First of all, both are unpredictable, incredibly devastating and can easily kill. Other than that, both are made up of very strong and fast wind which is more than 100 mph. Furthermore, both of them rotate all around. Moreover, they have deep low pressure systems. Lastly, both of them are a form of storm. There are also tons of differences between hurricanes and tornadoes. Initially, hurricanes are formed over warm water in the tropical oceans and develop best when far from the jet stream while tornadoes are formed over land and formed within storms that are often very close to the jet stream. Other than that, hurricanes can be up to several hundred miles wide while tornadoes are usually not more than a quarter of a mile. Besides that, hurricanes can last up to 3 weeks while tornadoes usually last not more than an hour. Likewise, the strength of the wind of hurricanes are usually 180 mph while the maximum strength of the wind of tornadoes can be up to 300 mph. Additionally, hurricanes occur in the Atlantic Ocean with an average of 10 tropical storms
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