Catherine of Aragon played a vital role in delaying the annulment from Henry VIII. Her links to Charles V, her defence and her delaying strategy ultimately prolonged the annulment from Henry. However, we also must into account other factors such as the Sacking of Rome in 1527 where the pope himself was taken prisoner. Also, Henry’s timing of the annulment and his very poor strategy meant Henry was delaying the annulment himself due to this poor strategy. Firstly, Catherine of Aragon played a vital role in delaying the annulment from Henry because her links to Charles meant that Charles himself could intervene with the annulment.
Her way of dealing with foreign affairs was very different to her Father’s in that Elizabeth tended to be more methodical in contrast to Henry who settled misunderstanding with battles and warfare. She was more likely to apply logic to her plans and think politically than she was to put war and conflict first. This mindset aided the queen in staying allies with Spain and Philip who were an important power in Europe during the Tudor dynasty’s reign. When Elizabeth became Queen in 1558 on the death of her half-sister Mary, England had a decent relationship with Spain. Mary’s marriage to Philip of Spain obviously helped to cement this even if the marriage itself was not a success.
They rebelled and tried to attack. Charles was partly to blame for religious reasons like the one above, and some other reasons as well. He made William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury and he tried to make England a Catholic country. Also, he married a woman named Henrietta Maria. She was a Catholic, so naturally Parliament were concerned that England was going to return to Catholicism.
Finally, in a United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Roman Catholics would no longer be seen as the overwhelming and threatening majority but rather as cooperating fellow citizens, thus transforming Protestant views of fear and loathing. Indeed as Lord Castlereagh stated "Strength and confidence will encourage liberality". Indeed, following the passing of the Act of Union, Prime Minister Pitt was expected to come forward with the proposal of Catholic Emancipation (which finally passed in 1829). Yet the union between the two countries was not as evident as it should have been. Ireland was still being treated as a separate country and a 'half-alien dependency'.
After Henry VII had died, Henry decided to marry Catherine of Aragon. This proved to be a very shrewd move as by doing so he avoided issues concerning the papal dispensation and a missing part of the marriage portion. This move also made sure that Anglo-Spanish relations were not further strained. Also Henry VIII’s England was included in the Holy-League which included Spain, The Holy Roman Empire and the Papacy. It was formed by the pope and was Anti-French.
It was King Philip II that sent the Spanish armada to conquer England. Philip did this for many reasons. The first reason it that Elisabeth had made Phillip angry by refusing his marriage proposal and just by being protestant but the thing that made Philip sent the armada was that Elisabeth was funding the protestant rebellion. All of these made the one big reason for Philip to send the armada. To prepare for the armada many things had to happen.
The Moors influence was getting weakened and Boabdil actions made everything worse He was the son of the sultan Abu l-Hasan Ali, and as it sometimes happens with princes, Boabdil was restless to gain power. So, after a series of incidents between Christians and Muslims that shook Granada's stability, Boabdil named himself ruler of Granada. Of course, his words didn't take too long to catch fire. A civil war ensued in the emirate, weakening it and easing the way for the Christian troops. The Granada seemed to be an easy target for Ferdinand and Isabella to conquer so in return they’ll gain power and glory.
= using a religious justification for war She was close with the catholic French and nearly married into France = not to do with religion She didn’t defend the Huguenots (protestants) of France, but this maybe partly to do with not having the resources Instead of religion, it could be said that England and France had a common interest against Spain, so joined forced against it Elizabeth seemed to put politics over religion. Phillip was a very pious Catholic, but Elizabeth was quieter about her religious disposition. War may have happened a lot faster if both Elizabeth and Phillip put religion over politics It was more the actions and decisions of Elizabeth, rather than religion that led to foreign conflict, such as refusing to send back booty stolen by English pirates from the Spanish ships. If it as purely religion, war would have taken place long before. Examples of her decisions: Choosing to support Spain’s enemy (the Dutch Rebels) which essentially sets a declaration of war.
The objectives of these reforms were to simply keep the Creoles from being superior or even on the same level as the Iberians. Of course the Spanish and the Portuguese were the ones to benefit by setting these reforms, however, in the long run, it was more beneficial to the indigenous peoples because it caused them to revolt and take back what was theirs. Spain By the 18th century, Spain was set back by foreign wars, increasing debt, declining population, internal revolts, and threats by its surrounding countries of France, England, and Holland. The Bourbon reforms of Spain were launched by the Bourbon dynasty because of increasing attacks on the Iberian empires by these foreign rivals, the need to strengthen the state and economy, and to secure its holds on the American colonies. Spanish troops were sent to New Spain to reinforce defense and military matters.
Elizabeth was strict. It is extremely debateable whether Elizabeth the 1st was a ‘great’ queen or not. Looking back to this important era of history [1558-1603], makes you think about the religion, money, the marriage, the social life, and the Spanish armada. Not only those other things, but Mary Stuart Queen of Scots was a very big problem to Elizabeth during the time she was on the throne. The Roman Catholics in those days thought Elizabeth 1st was the heretic queen in their eyes; however, for the protestant, she was their hero.