Proactive patrol has been known to deter crime in areas where criminal activity is high. Providing proactive patrol can deter criminals from actually committing the crime but it does not always deter the crime from happening in the first place. Creating the awareness in a community there are police nearby does help deter the crime from taking place. In order for a police organization to be successful it would take both patrols to reach this goal. One without the other in my eyes would not work.
The overall purpose and meaning of this article is to send the message that police officers can play a unique part in disrupting the disorder process. If police officers focus on less serious crime and disorder of a neighborhood then serious crimes like felonies will not be able to surface as much. This is because the community will participate more and become more social, and they will develop their own set of rules. A main section of this article that I want to point out is the idea that foot patrol decreases crime rate. In the article it states that police officers didn’t like the idea of foot patrol too much but because they did it relationships with the community was formed and people were less afraid to go outside.
Police brutality wouldn’t be an issue if we didn’t have to police our law enforcement officers. Policing our law enforcement officers is a challenge in itself, because who is responsible for this job, how are they going to police them, what actions are they going to take against them when they catch them and what are the penalties for
Another factor is that it depends on how attractive the target is in that how much will the individual gain from committing the crime or how easily the crime can be implemented such as robbing from a bank will have a high risk factor. Cohen and Felson support these theories through their own on routine activities as offenders and victims are more likely to coincide in certain ways and where there is little formal or informal social control on preventing the crime from happening. As crimes are more likely to happen when there is no ‘guardian’ e.g. police, and at specific times and places e.g. mugging someone returning from work due to the offender having knowledge of their routine walk home.
Crime Report and Rates Response Tanya Davis CJS/200 July 20, 2012 Professor: Gary Liar The purpose of major crime reporting programs is to help keep track of crimes that are being committed. These types of programs help report where, when and what types of crimes are or have taken place. May law enforcement agencies use these types of programs to help reduce criminal activities, and also to see if crime rates are decreasing or increasing. In the United States if a crime reporting program is going to be successful; it must be precise. If the data that is being reported is not precise then the program will not be successful.
This may just be a “sense” of safety, but officers like to think their partner has their back. In truth is could be safer to fight crime individually, because two police officers may seem to evoke the individuals with which they are involved with. Having two people looking out for the situation is extremely beneficial. If one officer is occupied with a task, her partner can be keeping a watchful eye on the surroundings and the circumstances that have a potential of arising. When all these factors are grouped together it appears that police partners would be more productive, writing more citations, and completing more arrests.
", 2014). Reactive patrol also involves the follow-up investigations required to gain additional information to prosecute. In other words, it consists of police waiting for crime and then going to the scene to try to apprehend the suspect or suspects. As a result, the officer has lowered the crime rate by using undercover operations, asking questions, and the use of other tactics ("What Is Reactive Patrol? ", 2014).
The key difference between these two models is that the crime control model is much more harsh and unrelenting; it emphasizes controlling crime via punishing suspects while the due process model emphasizes careful examination to ensure less innocent people are unjustly convicted. The crime control model places an emphasis on "placing as few restrictions as possible on the ability of law enforcement officers to make discretionary decisions in apprehending criminals"(Gaines). Under this model, courts would be more willing to convict offenders, even with an absence of compelling evidence. For example, a court would be more willing to accept a police officer's account of a homicide without careful cross-examination under the crime control model in order to repress crime. In contrast, the due process model emphasizes "protecting the rights of the accused through formal, legal restraints on the police, courts, and corrections" (Gaines).
Essentially, the police will base their use of assets in a manner to reduce crime by building ties within the community and having a presence in neighborhoods. This can be an effective method because many argue that seeing the police in an area a majority of the time deters criminals from acting in those areas. A downfall of the COP theory is that political influence can force a department to pool resources in an area where crime is not as prevalent in order to keep good relations with a major tax base. Often times the poorer neighborhoods do not feel as though they are receiving enough of a police presence. The contingency theory is based on the approach to achieve specific goals, such as crime control.
If someone has been in a lot of trouble with the law, they probably aren’t going to have very many good things to say about police officers. Where as if somebody is related to or close to a police officer, they might have a better perception. Police-community relations are very important for the police and for the community. The community needs to be able to trust the police and vice-versa. If an individual has a bad experience with a cop, they are going to tell everybody they know and therefore those people might form negative perceptions based off of that.