Assess Teh View That Crime Prevention Successful

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Assess the view that crime prevention is more successful when focused on explaining offences rather than offenders. (21) Differing views from sociologists state that the success of crime prevention can be explained either through explaining the offence or through an explanation of the offenders. Some sociologist would state that in order to prevent criminal activity need to understand where offences take place and why these areas and not others. As Brantingham states that every person retains a memorable cognitive map of the area that they live in. This is a map that is individual to the person where they will have routine routes of where they will walk/drive etc. Brantingham theory suggests that offenders are more likely to operate in areas ‘cognitively known’ to them rather than places they don’t, so can explain patterns such as burglary in certain areas. This theory explains where crimes are more likely to happen, but Clarke’s opportunity theory explains why certain victims are chosen and others aren’t. As it depends if the target is accessible so how easy it is to commit the crime such as no security cameras in a store will probably have a high percentage of stolen goods. Another factor is that it depends on how attractive the target is in that how much will the individual gain from committing the crime or how easily the crime can be implemented such as robbing from a bank will have a high risk factor. Cohen and Felson support these theories through their own on routine activities as offenders and victims are more likely to coincide in certain ways and where there is little formal or informal social control on preventing the crime from happening. As crimes are more likely to happen when there is no ‘guardian’ e.g. police, and at specific times and places e.g. mugging someone returning from work due to the offender having knowledge of their routine walk home.

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