Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

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Thomas and John Locke Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were the two of the great English theories during the seventeenth century who contributed their ideas to the enlightenment. Both of them are famous for their theories about the development of the society and discussing man in his natural state. They were both well-known authors. Locke is the author of “An essay concerning Human Understanding” and Hobbes is the author for “Leviathan.” Both of these philosophers lived in the same time period but their theories in nature were noticeably different because of the different events happening during that period. Locke stated that people were naturally good but Thomas Hobbes had a negative view towards human nature. Hobbes sees man as being evil. In his principal work, ‘Leviathan’ Hobbes believes that, “people are innately selfish and grasping.” Hobbes believes that ethical concepts such as good or bad or ideas of good or evil doesn’t exist in the state of nature. He thinks that mankind can use any power essential to protect him and his surrounding for good. Hobbes named this condition as ‘war’ which also meant that every man is enemy to every man. Hobbes exposed that man in the state of nature lived with an authoritarian logic of fear and man has always been on the defensive side to protect himself and his position in the society. Hobbes said that man has always wanted to escape from the state of nature and war by following the path towards safety which allocates man to soften feelings of fear. A social contract is an agreement where people gave up their evil state and entered an organized society, which was controlled by the powerful government to preserve safety. Locke viewed human as innately good. He mostly thought in a different way than Hobbes. His philosophy were opposite from Hobbes theories. Locke mentioned in his essay that, “knowledge is derived from

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