Themistocles Responsibility in Persian Wars

958 Words4 Pages
Themistocles was responsible to a great extent for the Greek victory in the Persian wars. His role as both a political and military leader were crucial in the naval development of Athens and the Greek states, which allowed them to win the battle of the sea, resulting in a sense of confidence allowing them to be the victors of the final battles fought in Plataea and Mycale. Themistocles also played a vital role in both the battle of Artemisium and Salamis, which were significant to the overall Greek victory over the Persians. His political skills of oration proved of paramount importance in maintaining the Greek unity at Salamis as well as convincing Greek citizens to trust his tactics and methods, which evidently seized victory. The battle of Artemisium highlights Themistocles role in achieving victory for the Greeks. At Artemisium, it was Themistocles duty to send a naval fleet to attack the Persian navy, who were suspected to be sailing to Athens. this poved to be effective in the long term course of the war because it delayed the Persian fleet which meant that, “The Persians would not be able to divide their fleet and make raids against the Peloponnese for the purpose of creating divisions and seizing strategic points.”-Pamela Bradley. Furthermore if the Persians were able to launch raids in the Peloponnese this may have triggered Helot revolts as a possible alliance between them and Persia may have originated. If this were to have occurred then the Greeks alliance with the Spartans could have potentially been lost, as the Spartans may have withdrawn from the war. This would have had a significant impact on the strength of the Greek army as the Spartans intimidated the Persians after the battle of Thermopylae and they also had a skilled military tactics. Also by having Greeks navy roaming the shores of Athens it complicated the Persians tactics, as they were not
Open Document