The major areas of disagreement between the American colonists and the British policymakers that developed during the period 1763 to 1776. Great Britain’s victory in the French and Indian War gained new territory west of the Appalachian Mountains for the Empire but at the same time added great debt to the Empire. Great Britain looked for revenue from the American colonists as part of the solution to their growing debt issues. Great Britain’s attempts to gain tax revenue from the American colonists increased tensions between the colonies and Great Britain. From 1763 to 1776, Great Britain formed a series of Acts and was met with considerable resistance by the American colonists.
By 1830 the South tended to champion, states rights doctrines as a defensive against the North. As the South recognized that control of the government was slipping away, it turned to a states' rights argument to protect slavery. Southerners stated that the federal government was not permitted to interfere with slavery in those states where it already existed. They felt that this interpretation of the Constitution associated with nullification, or perhaps secession would protect their way of life. Slavery contributed to the start of the Civil War as its proposed abolition was seen as a threat to the sovereignty of many Southern states.
However, if the British were governing in America, slavery would likely have been abolished much earlier because, after the Enlightenment, European nations began to detest slavery and even tried to influence America to abolish slavery as well. In fact, British ships would actually intercept slave ships from Africa and free the slaves on the ship. Southern America, especially in areas that had cash crop economies based on tobacco or cotton, did not accept this idea and were completely dependent on slave labor to fuel the agrarian society that founding fathers like Thomas Jefferson so adamantly supported. The reason for this continuity certainly lies in the economic dependance on slave labor in the South. Additionally, referring to the American citizens, the political power did not shift from the rich landowners to the populous, the right to vote stayed exclusively in the hands of the rich white land owners.
Under the control of England, the colonists experienced their fair share of ups and downs from the year 1750 until 1776. Oppression from the British was an important issue that the colonists felt needed to be addressed with action. By the eve of the Revolution, the colonists had established their own identity which led to them uniting in opposition to the British. It was important that the colonists established an identity for themselves because it set them apart from the controlling Britons. In his notes for speech in parliament on February 3, 1766, Edmund Burke elaborated on how the colonies were too different from the country of Great Britain and that they could not blend in with the mass.
The American Revolution did not satisfy the colonial goals for civil, political, social, and economic rights; however the Constitution did. All the American Revolution did was drive the British out of America. With the British gone the Americans had the ability to strive for civil, political, social, and economic rights, but the Articles of Confederation became an obstacle in their path to their rightful goals. During the American Revolution the American people wrote a lot about what they wanted to accomplish and attain. In Document A, the Declaration of the Causes and Necessities of Taking Up Arms, it is written that the American people feel they have been wronged by England because their rights are restricted and wish for these basic rights to happiness and such.
The theory of political independence emerged in the colonies after the French and Indian War in 1763 due to recurring crises, such as taxation, trade regulations, and many other wrongful laws. The original plan, or call to action, of the colonies was the eventual plan to reconcile with Britain and return to the era of salutary neglect, which was lost after the French and Indian War. After particular events that led up to the American Revolution, the colonists formed a more united nation and realized their need and want for independence. During 1763-1766, many unfair acts were passed, beginning with the Proclamation Act of 1763, which prohibited the colonies from going west of the Appalachian Mountains. This law angered the colonists because this impeded them from obtaining new, cheap land.
The one positive that did come out of being a female in the antebellum south, was the deception of illness and pregnancy utilized by many females amongst the plantation. Females would say they were sick because of pregnancy; that would allow females to receive less work because masters cared about the new incoming beings that these slaves were going to reproduce. The masters cared greatly for the pregnant women, and female slaves understood that. Some masters became intelligent to the extent of how women were abusing the illness excuse, as a reason to lay off work. Masters gained methods that contained the facts of females would not be able to lay off unless their illness was accompanied by a fever (Ibid., 82).
“It transformed abolitionism, bringing the movement, whose extreme rhetoric many Northerners had previously viewed with disapproval, to the edge of respectability” (Goldfield 378). The South interpreted this book by indicating that it was a bunch of lies, even looked at as “criminal prostitution of the high functions of the imagination” (Goldfield 378). This triggered the Northern white people to become more involved and not just watch from the sideline therefore voices got louder. Every time a new state united within other states it was always a question to whether it would be a Free-State or a Slave- State. The North did not want the new state to permit slavery but the South always opposed.
Many people soon began to admire the patriotism of these women who had been denied equality for so long by a large proportion of the country now wanted to help maintain the same country. Women began to take a major role in a wide range of industries including Munitions, Hospitals and farm land. They also took over industries that had been male dominated before the war including the police with the creation of the Women Police Volunteers and shipbuilding due to dilution. Women also were able to enter the armed forces due to the creation of the Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps. This amount of enthusiasm and energy women showed at work changed male attitude towards them and many realised these women were perfectly capable of being able to vote.
First of all, the British began to recognize their rights such as freedom of speech and understand the elderly and disabled need help from government because of their inability to work. They understand everyone is equal, including blacks. Even though slavery wasn’t banned in Great Britain until the early 1800s, abolition movements increased drastically and pressured the monarchy government. People fought over what rights they really had. The high tax prices Great Britain charged were ridiculous and people began to protest.