The Principle of Infection Prevention and Control

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The principle of infection prevention and control Unit 19 An infection is caused by the invasion of foreign cells, like bacteria in humans that cause harm to the host organism. Generally the host organism is considered “colonized” by cells that don’t belong to it. These foreign cells must be harmful to the host organism in order for the colonization to be considered an infection. 1 – Understand roles and responsibilities in the prevention and control of infections. A communicable infection is any disease that can be transmitted from one person to another, these infection can be caused by viruses which is a microscopic organism and cannot reproduce without a host, fungi is a skin infection, bacteria is a single celled microorganisms and can thrive in different environments from extreme cold or heat and parasites infection is contamination of one organism with another living organism that then begins to feed off or reside in the initial organism. As an employee you must ensure your own health is good and not come into work if you have flu, scabies, ringworm or viral gastroenteritis (these are a few example of infections) as these infections would pose a risk to service users and colleagues, also you must maintain your own hygiene, clean hair, nails, clothes. At all times you must maintain effective hand washing when handling and preparing food, when providing personal care to service users and if you sneeze or cough in your hands. Hand washing techniques from NHS * Wet hands with water * Apply enough soap and hand wash to cover all hand surfaces. * Rub hands palm to palm. * Palm to palm with fingers interlocked. * Backs of fingers to opposing palms with fingers interlocked. * Rotational rubbing of left thumb clasped in right palm and visa versa. * Rotational rubbing, backwards and
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