Invasions hit both empires hard. For Rome, rebellions in the Eastern part of the empire started riots all over the entire civilization, which caused a great amount of mayhem and chaos. Also, Rome fell directly to Germanic invaders. In China however, nomadic tribes similar to the Huns had actually invaded the empire. Way before these invasions though, the weak central government of both empires started the declines of these empires.
This can be argued was to do with this battle because Valen lost two thirds of his army. It also showed that the Roman legions were no match for the heavy cavalry which many empires started to recruit. This then led to the Middle Ages and knights. The weakness of the Roman legionaries was showed again in 410 in the sacking of Rome. This was seen as another step towards the fall of the Roman Empire because this defeat was inevitable after the defeat
The Tsar made many failures as Commander in chief of the army especially at the battle of Tannenburg where the majority of the Russian second army was destroyed which forced the Russian army to retreat. This coupled with other military defeats led to mass desertions towards cities. It also led to many soldiers knowing of the Tsars failures which would have supported the claim for a revolution. The war effort also caused the Zemstva and the Congress of Representatives of Industry and Trade to grow which were used to help stimulate production and provide medical facilities. The government failed to efficiently incorporate these into the war effort which resulted in them becoming a symbol for the shortcomings in the war effort.
Also, many experts say that it fell because of the lack of heart the people had to the Empire, the rise of Christianity, it was too immense to govern and protect, the decline of the economy and jobs, the army being made up of mostly foreigners, and outside invaders. Thus, one can say that the Empire collapsed more internally than externally. The first reason why the Western Roman Empire fell was because the people that lived in it had a lack of heart in the Empire. People didn’t believe the Empire was worth saving anymore. As Strayer, Gatzke, and Harbison state in their textbook The Course of Civilization states “The basic trouble was that very few inhabitants of the empire believed that the old civilization was worth saving… the overwhelming majority of the population had been systematically excluded from political responsibilities.
POPE LEO THE GREAT AND ATTILA THE HUN. The Western Roman Empire of the 5th century A.D. was only a reminiscence of the Empire former greatness. Corruption filled the government, which taxed its citizens so heavily that some fled beyond the Empire’s borders to live among the “barbarians.” Rome’s economy was wracked by the gradual loss of their conquered territories. The use of mercenaries had debilitated the once-invincible Roman Army. Rome sought peace through gold rather than by military might, paying some of the barbarian leaders to remains outside the Empire’s borders.
This was a disaster and Buckingham had to retreat his troops without even aiding the Huguenots, which made him become the most despised man in England as he was seen responsible for the military failures. One MP, Sir Edwyn Sandys, said that ‘since England was England it received not so an honourable blow’. This therefore decreased the reputation of the Crown because Charles was the one who appointed Buckingham as ‘Lord Admiral’ in the first place and caused tensions between them and Parliament. It also caused discontent as it meant that Britain was at war with Spain and France too. More importantly, though, this caused great strain on the country and Charles couldn’t find the necessary funding to finance the wars, which lead to him implementing the Forced Loan on December 1627.
As the Roman Empire, expanded, average Roman citizens came into poverty and the few who were rich had to help the others as much as they could. While this happened, they did not pay attention to what was going on outside the borders of Rome. “Barbarians” were able to come in and take Rome down from the inside out (4). When the Romans realized what was happening, it was too late to stop it. They did not have enough military to send because Rome had become extremely huge.
Around the same time, other internal and external problems caused the empire to decline. Examples of the problems were the lower birth rates and the dwindling population. Culture, society, politics, and economics all began to fade away. These were reasons that the Roman Empire went into ruins. Even though the empire fell, one thing remained.
In turn this would destroy Britain commercially and their industrial economy allowing Napoleon to take over Britain however did not work and left Napoleon worse off then he was before. His next mistake was the Peninsular war and as a result weakened his empire even more by the Spanish guerrillas, Germans, and Italians turning against him. Lastly his third mistake lost him most of his soldiers and the tactic used to defeat him was the scorched-earth policy, by the Russians. These mistakes greatly weakened Napoleons Empire. The empire was then declared war on by Britain, Russia, Prussia, Sweden, and Austria.
The factors responsible were both short-term and long-term including, the opposition of the political parties, economic troubles, industrialisation problems and most importantly the Bloody Sunday. The war, itself did not prompt the revolution- it was the fact that Russia lost to a much smaller and almost inferior country. Russia’s huge military defeats were caused by the Russo-Japanese war. An example of such a defeat was in January 1905 when the army had to surrender their Port Arthur naval base in Northern China, which they had possessed before the start of the war. This highlighted the weakness of the military and caused national humiliation, thus contributing to the outbreak of the 1905 Revolution.