This weak military could be a reason because if another nation decides to attack Rome, there military would crush Rome's due to undisciplined and uncommitted soldiers. “Roman technology was low, and the man power had to provide for consumers who paid either no or few taxes”(Santosuosso 98). Rome's refusal to advance in technology is another factor in why it fell. The rich kept building non-efficient machines and buildings. Rich stayed rich and didn't benefit poor at all.
These great empires’ falls were similar in many ways, and also different in numerous ways. The Roman Empire and Han China were similar in their falls because they both crumbled from internal problems, such as their corrupt governments; however, their falls were different in that the Roman Empire fell from outside invasions while the Han Dynasty fell from an internal revolt of the Yellow Turbans. Both the Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire suffered from political issues in their declines. Both Empires had corrupt bureaucracies that led to their deteriorations. The Roman Empire’s major reason in why it failed politically is that the Empire was never able to find an effective way to pick the proceeding emperor resulting in the empire having crazy, profligate emperors.
Social factors involve people’s beliefs and the way they set up their behaviours. If this itself isn’t dealt with it can cause some major problems within the society. Rome was known for numerous of these social factors including the rich became lazy and showed very little interest in trying to solve Rome’s problems, literacy rates dropped dramatically very few people had the ability to read (most Greco-Roman learning was forgotten), the increased use of slaves put many romans out of work and as German- speaking people mixed with the roman population, Latin began to change and formed the languages we know today as French, Spanish and Italian. Latin was no longer a unifying force
The key problem in politics was the lack of loyalty. Citizens used to care so much about Rome’s republic that they would sacrifice their lives for it. As time progressed, citizens slowly lost that sense of patriotism and truly did not care about the empire’s fate. Holding political office used to be considered an honor but then people did not even want to be a part of the government. All of the citizens had lost interest in the government.
But the empire were very inconsiderate and silly as people were paying the taxes by growing and harvesting crops which they would sell to the markets in order to pay for the taxes. The markets then started to bring in less money as there were fewer products being sold to the markets. They then had to raise the taxes leaving more people in poverty, which also caused many deaths. This is just one reason for the collapse for the Empire. The second reason for the collapse of the army was Religion, Christianity that had a massive influence on a lot of the population of
Possibly the greatest vulnerability was 'the weakness within' - the constitution gave the President, the states and the military too much control, whilst proportional voting meant that the Reichstag was separated and weak. There was no single party in complete control and parties had to join together to form a government. However, each party had different goals which caused in-fighting and instability making it difficult for the Reichstag, with its many changes in power, to govern effectively. This was reflected in 376 political assassinations up to 1923. From the start there was economic instability because of the cost of World War One and there was widespread disillusion within the German people.
His unfavorable actions sparked local revolts; even his own generals refused to fight in his stead. Once Yuan Shikai died in 1916, China remained divided and the Kuomintang powerless. Sun Yixian attempted to reorganize the Kuomintang, but true authority and power was in the hands of the warlords – they ruled territories as large as they could conquer. The country was in a state of chaos. The Chinese peasants and lower class suffered the most.
- The country was devastated after a long civil war and the war with Japan: railways, roads, canals and dykes had been destroyed and there were chronic food shortages. - Industry was backward - Agriculture was inefficient and incapable of feeding the poverty-stricken masses - Inflation seemed out of control Mao had the support of the peasants and the middle class - Mao very much succeeded and China today is still very much his creation - He started by looking closely at Stalin’s methods and experimented to find out which would work in China and where a special Chinese approach was necessary. a.) The constitution of 1950 (officially adopted 1954): - included the National People’s Congress, the State Council, and the Chairman of the Republic, whose function was to make sure that laws were carried out and the administration of the country went ahead. The constitution was important because it provided China with a strong central government for the first time for many years, and it has remained largely unchanged.
Civil War reduces the strength of the Roman Empire and made it vulnerable to the barbarian invaders because stalled expansion. What stalled expansion is they spent all their time fighting between themselves left less time for expansion, although it was accelerated as generals conquered foreign territory as shows of power.Gernals tightened roman defenses due to fear of inner raids, but this helped against outer attacks against enemies such as barbarians. Roman armies lost many soldier in wars which became difficult to replace overtime and this reduced the strength of the Roman Empire. Not only did stalled expansion play a part of the reduced strength of the roman empire such as it is today people in the roman armies and cities and governments had their opinion who the ruler should be and this caused civil war to break out in the roman empire and it caused the strength of the roman empire fall and made to vulnerable to outer attacks. The citizens of Rome became lazy and self-indulgent because.
Various different leaders commenced into Rome who were very poorly educated and did not understand about economics or political duty. One of Rome’s worst tyrants was a leader called Commodus. He used military force to cause massacres and rule Rome. However, after Commodus there were many other selfish emperors who took thrown, that slowly caused the fall of the empire. Furthermore, the empire was recovered with substantial leaders such as of Diocletian, Constantine the great and Theodosius.