As a result, there was a series of poor harvests, which led to widespread famine and disease and infant mortality rates throughout Europe. In consequence, there was a rise in inflation, putting greater pressure on peasants and serfs throughout Europe. Not only this, but parts of France experienced severe outbreaks of plague. The impact of the wars on towns and on rural France varied between the different regions of France. Some parts, particularly Northern France where much of the fighting was taking place, suffered terribly from war however in other regions escape the worst of the fighting.
In Bellamy’s opinion, the agricultural economy and the private capital was inefficient and only benefitted the wealthy, while the working class continued to suffer. The lower class people of the nation had to work unreasonable conditions to escape, what seemed to be, the inevitable fate of poverty. Many workers protested their jobs in hopes of change, which ultimately lead to furthering their poverty because the upper class had no sympathy for the poor, even when they tried to stand up for themselves. Bellamy clearly shows his thoughts of hopelessness in his community that he lived in by the following passage: “…it was merely a question of thickness of their skulls when they would discover the fact and make up their minds to endure what they cannot cure” (12). Bellamy saw the select few who were wealthy as abusers of their power and money.
As a result, parishes are having to pay out large amounts of relief to these people and therefore the community suffers as a whole. The source also suggests that the government should be stricter on the paupers who do not work or attempt to support their family. “The government has overturned the ordinary laws of nature.” This quote tells me that the government have decided to use Jeremy Bentham’s idea of utilitarianism and bring happiness to the greatest number of people. As a result of this, the cost of poor relief rocketed, which highly contributed to the demise of the old Poor Law. In some ways Sources 1 and 3 back up the claim in source 2 that the weaknesses of the old Poor Law were largely down to the paupers themselves because both sources represent the paupers in a mainly negative way.
The church lost the trust and support of the people first because of the effects of the Crusades which resulted in many difficulties and new ideas and then was unable to provide the answers and services that the people expected during the times of famine and plague. Pope Urban II called for the Crusades during his speech at the council of Clermont. He promised the forgiveness of all sins for the warriors, spoke about atrocities committed by the Saracens against Christians and finally, convinced them that they had to take Jerusalem back because it was their holy city. The response by nobles to his exaggerated accounts was overwhelming. They sold their land to finance their journeys; left their manors unmanaged and took up the cause for faith .
Why did Henry VII close down the monasteries. By Iqra Mahmood This essay will examine why Henry VII closed down the monasteries in 1536. Many people say that he closed down the monasteries because of money, corruption and power however there are many other reasons but these are the three main reasons why he closed down the monasteries. Henry and Thomas Cromwell claimed they closed down the monasteries because they were corrupt. The monks should behave very well and as they have promised they will for example; they will give up their homes, money and everything else they have.
Life in Europe during the Renaissance was an incredibly dangerous time. Peasants leaved under heavy taxes, constant warfare, and the spread of deadly diseases. In short people lived in constant fear of death. This preoccupation with death that existed amongst the people also resulted in a similar preoccupation in religious salvation. As the people watched the church decay morally through the Renaissance they became more and more worried about what this meant for them in the afterlife.
We could speculate that if more of the | | |villagers were wealthy enough to have this option, they too would have deserted the infected | | |area. When Maggie and Brand flee, they are set upon by the people of the next village because | | |they are mortally afraid that these two former Bradford servants are plague carriers. So they | | |really can’t go anywhere. When Mompellion expresses that the “plague will make heroes of us | | |all,” he is referring to Brand’s rescue of Maggie. Brand’s guilt over Maggies’ predicament is | | |what forces him to go back and get her – but is this true heroism when he is acting out of | | |guilt
431–352 bce), suggested a contempt for commoners in charge, indicating the fiction of the unity presented by Pericles. In addition, the defensive strategy withdrew the citizenship behind the city's walls with the intention of relying upon maritime trade for foodstuffs to outlast Sparta's armies in the field. Unfortunately for many displaced aristocratic farmers, this policy allowed the destruction of their family holdings and livelihood. Thus Pericles' Funeral Oration did not merely praise the noble dead but also served to contrast the political and social systems of Athens and Sparta. Pericles seized the opportunity to promote the benefits of democracy and to extol its virtues in the face of the aristocratic forces that idolized the Spartan system.
For example, when Antigone asks Ismene to break the law Ismene replies in fear saying "Think of how terrible than these deaths, our own death would be if we were to go against Creon." (Line 42). The power that Creon has over his people plays an important part in the play. When Creon makes a decree saying that Polyneices will not have a proper burial, his life starts to spiral out of control. This action leads to him being considered a tragic hero.
On one hand, if we forego the idea of society as a whole and focus simply on the idea of helping ourselves, like the banks in The Grapes of Wrath, we will result in the destruction of the lower and middle classes, ultimately leading to depression, followed by revolution. This was proven through the fall of the communist Soviet Union, when the people eventually became tired of living in poverty and demanded change. Their failure to provide a reason for people to push themselves to excel was ultimately their demise. On the other hand, if we are to constantly help the needy and forget about the responsibilities that we have to ourselves, we not only hurt ourselves by always giving away the things that we have worked for but we also endanger the needy. If they are constantly provided for, how are the less fortunate going to learn to provide for themselves and why would they be motivated to do