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The History Of Modern Law Enforcement Essay

  • Submitted by: rccartwright
  • on April 21, 2012
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 1,085 words

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Below is an essay on "The History Of Modern Law Enforcement" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

The History of Modern Law Enforcement
The History of Modern Law Enforcement

   
   
   
   
1/29/2012
   
   
   
   
1/29/2012
Norman Cartwright
Theory and Practice of Law Enforcement
CJE2061 Section 70
   

Norman Cartwright
Theory and Practice of Law Enforcement
CJE2061 Section 70
   

American Law Enforcement is greatly derived from English Common Law, dating back to the eleventh century. Then, in England, there were large communities known as “shires” and the king would appoint a royal officer, called a “reeve” as the chief law enforcement officer for the shire. But as time passed the “shires” grew and areas began to industrialize it became evident that there was a need for a change in law enforcement.
Modernization was exactly what law enforcement received with the assistance of Sir Robert Peel. Peel persuaded the English Parliament to create the first uniformed police force, The London Metropolitan Police, in 1829 (Walker/Katz, 2011: 25). This forever changed the practices of law enforcement by giving it three main focal points; a mission, a strategy, and an organizational structure. All of which were missing prior to the Peel reform.
The first, the mission, was and still is the prevention of crime. But the question was how officers prevent criminal acts. This brings us to our next focal point, strategy. In this case the strategy is simple; preventative patrols. Change the current philosophy of law enforcement, make the officers more pro-active not just reactive. Make them more visible in the community, hence making their presence a criminal deterrent. Finally restructuring the organizational structure, this was done by directly following the current military organization system. This is evident from the style of the uniforms and the ranks, to the chain of command and discipline. This structure can still be found in all American Law Enforcement agencies today. All of these changes can be directly credited to...

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