Cja 214 the History of Police

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The History of Police CJA/214 Introduction to Police Theory and Practices February 19, 2013 The History of Police Sir Robert Peel is the “father” of modern policing. He was an important political leader in England. The old policing system collapsed under the impact of urbanization and industrialization. During this time, London suffered from poverty, ethnic conflict and an increase in crime. Something had to be done to prevent the increase in crime. Sir Robert Peel finally got his way when he convinced Parliament to create the London Metropolitan Police in 1829 (Walker & Katz, 2011). This formation was the beginning of the first organized police system. American style of policing used the same model and that model is based on three core elements. The three core elements are the mission, strategy, and organizational structure of police. The mission was crime prevention. The idea behind crime prevention was that it is better to stop the crime from happening than respond to the crime after it occurred. This strategy was accomplished by having uniformed officers patrol “beats” and interact with the community. This would allow for a police presence and deter criminal activity. The organizational structure was borrowed from the military. This structure included a hierarchy of command. Rankings were used to designate who was in charge and what roles in the police officers had within the organization. Without Sir Robert Peel’s influence of how policing should have been done who knows where our modern policing style would be. The relationship between the U.S. government and the policing organizations throughout the United States is unique and delicate. The various agencies have a common goal and that is to prevent crime and protect the citizens of this country. Each agency has their own agenda, sometimes that agenda can cause conflict, and

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