The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

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In a disaster or public health emergency health professionals have an obligation to protect and preserve the health, safety, and security of the patients, families and communities as well as themselves according to James, Burkle, and Kelen (2010). Disasters disproportionately affect the most vulnerable members of our society such as children, the elderly and minorities. Public health officials must be aware of the potential outcomes and impacts of a disaster, and have knowledge of how to report the disaster. To effectively manage a disaster, officials must be aware of the physiological, developmental, and emotional differences among the populations as well as the racial and ethnic diversity among the community. According to Andrulis, Siddiqui,…show more content…
citizens and first responders “to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards” (FEMA, 2012). FEMA’s emergency support ranges from transportation and communications to logistics management and public safety and security. This agency works only at the request of the state government because effective disaster preparedness requires more than FEMA can provide alone. According to FEMA, the governor of the affected state must make a formal application for help, either for an emergency or major disaster for individuals, for the restoration of public systems and facilities, or for matching funds to reduce the area’s future vulnerability (FEMA, 2012). They are required to arrive within hours of a disaster to assist with getting supplies of food and medicine to the people who need it, to set up shelters and provide safety for people who have been evacuated from their homes. Disaster assistance is financial or direct assistance to individuals and families whose property has been damaged or destroyed as a result of a disaster in which losses are not covered by…show more content…
References Andrulis, D., Siddiqui, N., & Purtle, J. (2011). Integrating Racially and Ethnically Diverse Communities Inot Planning for Disasters: The California Experience. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 5(3), 227-234. Baker, L., & Baker, M. (2010). Disaster Preparedness Among Families of Children With Special Health Care Needs . Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 4(3), 240-245. Center for disaster philanthropy: The Role of Fema In A Disaster. From James, J., Burkle, F., & Kelen, G. (2010). Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness: A Discipline for All Health Professionals. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 4(2), 102-107. South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control: Air Quality Analysis. Retrieved from The Neighborhood Pearson Health Science (Version 1.0) Retrieved from UOPX NUR408 Course

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