The Dred Scott Case

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History 1301 The Dred Scott Case In 1857, in the Scott vs. Sanford case (commonly known as the Dred Scott case) the Supreme Court of the United States made an important decision that would have a great affect on the United States as it is today. The ruling, in effect, declared that no black, free or slave could claim United States citizenship. Therefore, slaves bore no individual rights and were considered property. Furthermore, the decision was made which indicated that Congress could not make slavery in the United States territory illegal. Additionally, the verdict had many political and social implications, provoked angry resentment in the North and led the country a step closer to civil war. After the Civil War and the introduction and passage of the U.S. Constitution’s 14th Amendment finally brought about the overturning of the decision. Adopted in 1868, this amendment granted citizenship to former slaves and their descendants and gave them the benefit and protection of their civil liberties. Dred Scott was an illiterate slave born in 1799. He was born as the property of the Peter Blow family since his parents were both slaves. The United States took possession of Missouri in 1804 and after much dispute on whether or not it would be a slavery state, an agreement known as the Missouri Compromise came about. This caused a balance in the number of free vs. slave states. Due to Missouri being located in the middle of what was freedom and slavery, there were major problems arising. The Blow family relocated to St. Louis in 1830 and then ran into some financial problems, which caused them sell Dred Scott to Dr. John Emerson. Emerson was a surgeon in the military stationed in Jefferson Barracks just south of St. Louis. Scott traveled with Emerson for twelve years to different posts in Illinois and the Wisconsin territory where, because of the

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