This was one of the first major steps in the civil rights movement. The Freedom Riders were a group of civil rights activists whose sole aim was to end racial segregation. It started in 1961 when student protestors rioted against racial segregation. Many rode on buses to segregated states in USA in order to test the laws of segregation. There were even white people who sat next to the black people in order to show their support that they were all equal.
As far as Johnsons voting record while in congress on civil rights, he shared similar attitudes with the south towards civil rights for black people. Johnson had a strong desire to become one of the greatest domestic Presidents in the history of the U. S. He believed that the U. S. could not be considered as the Great Society if it denied civil rights to American Negroes. Johnson believed that he owed it to Kennedy’s life to push this act forward. The passive approach to civil rights in the 50’s had now gone and the Northern ghettos were now moving more towards militancy. Johnson realised that society had changed in a short space of time of just a few years; he wanted change before civil unrest forced through.
These three appeals make the speech livelier and let the listener or reader connect with the speaker. Ethos is an appeal that deals with the speakers’ credibility. The President makes the first appeal to ethos in the beginning of the paragraph by stating, “I stand here today humbled by the task before us, grateful for the trust you have bestowed and mindful for the sacrifices borne by our ancestors.” He just telling us that he is thankful to us that we have elected him as our president to tackle all the problems that his country is facing. There was another statement that really built his ethos. He mentioned that there was once a time when a black man, like his father, would not be served in public restaurants.
I believe that the contribution of Martin Luther King was huge for the Civil Rights Campaign, however many important campaigners were overshadowed by King who possibly got too much credit when it was due elsewhere. King had a giant effect on the progress of the advancement of black civil rights. The first major part he played in improving the social standing of black civilians was in his role governing the Montgomery Bus Boycott between 1955 and 1956. This boycott aimed to achieve, which it eventually did, the desegregation of public buses, which was partly initiated by Rosa Parks refusing to give up her seat for a white man when asked to do so, who was then arrested. King was invited to lead the body which was coordinating the boycott, the Montgomery Improvement Association, so he was not responsible for creating and starting off this successful campaign, however his alluring personality and leadership skills helped motivate the campaign brilliantly.
I personally think that slavery was one of the most unethical issues that ever happened in The United States of America, and one of those many cases pointed out to the second-biggest bank in The U.S., JP Morgan Chase, which had two predecessors in Louisiana that had customers that appear to have used enslaved individuals.⁽2⁾ Even though the law already persistent the slavery case clearly with the adoption of the Thirteen Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1865, JP Morgan Chase extended loans to slave-owners using slaves as collateral for the loans, consolidated lawsuit alleges.⁽3⁾ JP Morgan Chase hired a Maryland research firm and found that its predecessors had approximately 13,000 enslaved individuals as collateral on loans and took ownership of approximately 1,250 of them when the plantation owners defaulted on the loans.⁽4⁾ JP Morgan Chase’s involvement in this case because there was a link between JP Morgan’s predecessors which were Citizens Bank and Canal Bank, and Bank One which JP Morgan bought in 2004. JP Morgan Chase was facing lawsuits from the descendants of the slaves as
History Practice Controlled Assessment: ‘To what extent has the contribution of Martin Luther King to the advancement of black Americans between 1954 and 1968 been exaggerated?’ On 6th December 1865, the 13th amendment to the American Constitution was passes, leading to the abolition of slavery. However whilst slavery was abolished, the black people of America still faced harsh racism and had very little rights. During the period of 1954-1968, many people were campaigning for an advancement of black Americans. These people wanted equal civil rights for blacks as white Americans had. One such person was Martin Luther King.
A young pastor – Martin Luther King Jr, organized the campaign. A string of African American arrests led to national publicity and Bus Boycotting beginning in other cities. In December 1956 the Supreme Court ruled that segregated buses were illegal. This achievement helped Martin Luther King become a national focus for African American action. In September 1957 9 African American students won the right to enrol at Little Rock Central High school.
According to Ross (2007), “Nobody was sure how many people would turn up for the demonstration in Washington, D.C. Some traveling from the South were harassed and threatened. But on August 28, 1963, an estimated quarter of a million people – about a quarter of whom were white – marched from the Washington Monument to the Lincoln Memorial, in what turned out to be both a protest and a communal celebration.” People were everywhere as Karen and I walked closer to the start of the march. As far as I can see, people were holding signs that read “We Shall Overcome” and “End Segregated Rules in Public Schools”. Some people were waving the United States flag.
This event was important because it gained international attention which put pressure on the different structures of the American government to make changes, and finally in 1965 the Supreme Court ruled that segregation on buses was illegal. It also brought the black community closer together to stand up for their rights this is shown when Jo Ann Robinson a head of a group of professional black women in Montgomery says, ‘we are asking every negro to stay off
Throughout history the United States of America has been the arriving place for immigrants in search of a better life. America is perceived as the land where endless opportunities are available. The greatest explanation of the “American dream” is in Martin Luther King Jr.’s speech, he expressed his vision of equality, opportunity, and freedom. Dr. King’s powerful voice was the evidence of truth. At the time of his speech African Americans were not free, while the Declaration of Independence stated that all men are created equal.