The British and the Gulf: 1956-1971

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The British and the Gulf: 1956-1971 Historical Article Review Smith, Simon C. "Power Transferred? Britain, the United States, and the Gulf, 1956–71." Contemporary British History 21, no. 1 (March 2007): 1-23. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed October 21, 2008). Abstract: The Suez Canal Crisis and problems in the Gulf region had a huge impact on the British influence in international affairs. The transfer of imperialism was passed onto the Americans by the British in the aftermath of the British military pullout. Britain tried to cling onto its influence in the region as long as they could handle it economically but the pressure domestically was stressing Britain’s economy. As a result, the Americans gained control and influence of the remaining assets the British handled in the previous century. British Policy towards the Gulf and Suez Canal Simon Smith’s article about British policy in the Suez Canal and Gulf region takes an interesting perspective on the pressure Britain was receiving from the United States. After WWII, Britain was an economic crisis yet they were still fulfilling their colonial influences in regions that were of great importance for the western world. Oil coming out of the Gulf region provided roughly fifty percent of British and Americas needs for economic development.1 It was essential within certain industries in Britain and America and the loss of influence in the Gulf could be detrimental to western economic systems. Simon Smiths article thoroughly discusses the political banter between British and American officials while also describing the transfer of international influence from British imperialism to the Americans. It seems clear after reading this article that the Americans had great influence over British policy during the late 1950s up until the early-1970s. Politically, Britain
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