Unit 6 6.1.1 Entitlement and provision for early year’s education. There are a variety of different providers of care and education for children between 0- 5 year olds. These include: Sure start children’s centres: These centres work with parents from the birth of children by providing family outreach support, early education and child care. This includes play schemes, parenting classes, training and providing family, childcare and employment advice. Nursery schools: They provide early education for children 3-5 years old.
* Preschools and playgroups: Three and four year olds can get their 15 hours of weekly free early year’s education at preschools and playgroups. Although they are sometimes run by voluntary groups by law 50% of the staff has to be qualified. * Day Nurseries: These are often based in workplaces and run by businesses or voluntary groups, and like preschools and playgroups
There are different types of childcare options available for 0-5 year olds, these include: • Sure Start Children’s Centre: Working with parent’s right from the birth of their child, providing early years education for children, full day care, short-term care, health and family support, parenting advice as well as training and employment advice. • Nursery schools: Provide early learning and childcare for children between three and five years old. They are often based at Sure Start Children’s Centres or linked to a primary school. • Preschools and playgroups: Usually run by voluntary groups providing part-time play and early learning for the under-fives. Three and four year olds can get their 15 hours of weekly free early year’s education at these providers.
These types of provider are usually run by voluntary groups Childminders – normally providing care within the childminders own home from ages 0 – 8 years old. There are limits on the amount of children that childminders can care for at any one time. The limit is up to six children under eight years old, and no more than three of them can be aged under five. Sure Start Children's Centres – providing many free services to parents, guardians, carers and children for 0 – 5. Early years education for children, full and short term day care, family support, health support and parenting advice.
-Child-minders Child-minder’s take children off all ages and they also have the option of either doing part time or full time. A child-minder’s hours can vary from different people but most hours will be 8 to 6 or 3-6. A child-minder’s setting would be within their home. As a Child-minder you duty is to look after the children while their parents are at work. Child-minder’s usually have children at primary school age.
It opens at 9.00 am and closes at 3.15 pm. “Statutory services are usually free of charge.” The government provides schools for children by paying to the local authority. (This reference is from the Cache level 3 Child Care and Education book on page 4, 4th edition, by Penny Tassoni). Parents are expected to leave their child at the morning and come back later to collect. Parents can be involved as volunteers.
Jane works in a foundation setting attached to an independent school .Jane is Key worker to 15 children and 3 of her children have ELL needs. Jane is committed to inclusion through mainstream schooling. She works alongside other professionals to enable all her children to benefit from the additional support, Although 2 children are taken out during the day for speech therapy 3. Why have you chosen this person as a good interviewee for the assignment? Jane is an early year’s practitioner who has worked in a nursery and works alongside me within an independent school setting which is attached to a primary setting.
Q1a Know the structure of education from early years to post compulsory education. Early Years Education is given to every 3-4 year old child in the UK as part of the Every Child Matters Act 2006. This means they are entitled to 15 hours of free education for thirty eight weeks in a year. Government funding by local authorities has enabled this free education. Parents can top up the hours by paying themselves for any extra hours.
They plan and implement activities to meet the physical, emotional, intellectual and social needs of the children in the program. Preschool teachers observe, evaluate and document each child’s progress 3 times per school year. The findings are reported to parents during one of the many Parent/Teachers conferences held throughout the year. In addition, preschool teachers often monitor each child’s developmental level and provide referrals to services such as a Child Psychologist, Pathologist, or Physical Therapist, if a child is at risk. Despite the significance of these teachers’ roles, preschool teachers get paid less than half that of Elementary or Middle School teachers.
By age five, children of PMC families will have a four month reading advantage due to the fact that from age two, PMC children are sent to early childhood centres or nurseries and gain an early advantage over those who are from working or under class. PMC parents also purchase toys that will assist in their children’s learning. Due to school zoning systems, PMC parents buy houses near the “best” schools. Therefore, their children can attend this school and get the “best” education. These areas are more expensive, therefore, the lower classes don’t live here and in turn, miss out on the better education opportunities.