a. Summarise entitlement and provision for early years education.
All children aged 3 to 4 years old are entitled to be provided with free early years education. This should amount to 15 hours per week, 38 weeks of the year. It is also possible for 2 year old to have this entitlement depending on if the parent or guardian is receiving income based support, working tax or child tax credits, other governmental support through asylum or pensions and if the child I looked after by the local council. The above is changing in September 2014 to allow more 2 years old children to be entitled
Free early years education can be provided at the following places.
Nurseries – these can be private or based within schools sites or classes within schools and academies. There are also day nurseries available. Nurseries are usually business oriented
Nannies – operate by caring for children in your own home and can look after children of any age
Pre schools and Play groups – providers of early years education for children under the age of 5. These types of provider are usually run by voluntary groups
Childminders – normally providing care within the childminders own home from ages 0 – 8 years old. There are limits on the amount of children that childminders can care for at any one time. The limit is up to six children under eight years old, and no more than three of them can be aged under five.
Sure Start Children's Centres – providing many free services to parents, guardians, carers and children for 0 – 5. Early years education for children, full and short term day care, family support, health support and parenting advice.
Early years learning is based on the concept of learning through play and activities. Play has been shown to be a very important learning vehicle for a child’s early learning.
b. Explain the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stage(s) and school governance.
There are currently many different types...