Addiction can be like diabetes or asthma, if you have one of these dieses it can’t be cured, you would have to learn how to handle it so it does not cause problems. The pros of substance abuse can be good for some people, such as drinking a glass a wine, for healthy people, this can be good for their health to decrease the risk of getting heart disease, decrease the risk of type 2 diabetes, reduce blood pressure and can also raise good cholesterol and lower bad cholesterol. There are other pros for substance abuse such as relaxation, just to have fun. Maybe they might like the taste or even to increase sociability and also to increase assertiveness. Some people are shy and by using substances such as drugs and alcohol can help them not be nervous to talk or socialize better.
Other ways of stress management include drugs; this is a physiological way of coping with stress. People may be prescribed benzodiazepines, these are used to increase the action of the neurotransmitter GABA, GABA reduces the activity of other neurotransmitters. This reduces the levels of noradrenaline and serotonin which is evidently related to anxiety. The best examples of these drugs are Librium, Valium and Mogadon. The downside to using these drugs is that they are physically and mentally addictive, and people may become dependent on them, they also only essentially mask the problem and do not solve it, but they are cheap and effective in the short term.
Alcohol Addiction Many in this generation have experienced the effects of alcohol one way or another. Although the effects of alcohol are apparent it is a regular thing to drink during parties or occasional gatherings. Such as many things in life alcohol in moderation is not harmful, it is harmful when consumed in large quantities. Even though drinking alcohol in it self is a bad thing, there is a step further which can be catastrophic. Once someone creates a need for alcohol or begins to abuse it, then it becomes alcohol addiction.
People find a variety of ways to try to escape reality, or just ignore what is going on around them in the real world. The truth is, through all of these different ways to escape reality, the results can vary from an enlightening experience to a negative, or fatal end. Drugs Drugs are on the negative end of the spectrum. Although the high, for the moment of its stimulation, is amusing, it is only temporary. That just leads people to want to take the drugs again.
Stopping or reducing the use of this substance would cause withdrawal symptoms to occur. Drugs are harmful when someone takes more than a prescribed dose of a drug, when someone takes another person’s drugs when they do not need it, and when someone becomes addicted to drugs, and when drugs have dangerous interactions, and when a drug taker experiences side effects. All drugs alter the natural brain chemistry, some more permanently than others. Depending on the type of drug used, duration of use, frequency of use, and type of drug being used, changes may be more or less extensive and permanent damage may or may not result. It is often
Explain factors related to the development of substance abuse or addictive behaviour & examine prevention strategies and treatments for substance abuse and addictive behaviour (22 marks) A substance is anything that people can ingest to alter mood, cognition or behaviour: specifically to induce feelings of self-confidence, fun or relaxation. However, there is an issue with ‘substances’, in that they can often cause a dependence or addiction. An addiction can be described as the behavioural and other responses that include compulsion to certain substances continuously, in order to avoid psychological and physiological deficits in the absence of the substance: namely discomfort, anxiety etc. An addiction may relate to anything in one’s life which may cause the process of uncontrollable usage. This essay shall seek to outline the key reasons for development of a substance abuse, whilst assessing the prevention strategies and treatment for the subsequent substance abuses and addictive behaviours - with key reference to smoking and addiction to nicotine.
Regardless of good faith effort or not, the end result is often the same and there’s a link between health care providers and addiction. Deaths by prescription drug overdoses, rather intentional or accidental, have become alarmingly high. This cycle not only affects the patients who become an addict. It also affects patients who are denied adequate treatment of pain. It affects the people who are afraid of addiction and therefore won’t take pain medication when prescribed for fear of addiction.
Can drugs affect our memory? Haley groves 11/4/13 Psych 101 Professor Thompson Abstract The most commonly addictive drugs used today include: heroin, morphine, alcohol, and barbiturates (depressants that slow down the brains functions); and cocaine, nicotine and marijuana (all stimulants that excite the brain; overflowing it with higher dopamine levels). These drugs, when used, mix with the chemicals already in our brain causing an overflow of chemical reactions that lead to changes in thought, memory, emotions and movement. The most common chemicals linked to addictions are among dopamine, serotonin, GABA and norepinephrine. Can these drugs be related to false memories?
or mind for other than medically warranted purposes. Traditional definitions of addiction, with their criteria of physical dependence and withdrawal (and often an underlying tenor of depravity and sin) have been modified with increased understanding; with the introduction of new drugs, such as cocaine, that are psychologically or neuropsychological addicting; and with the realization that its stereotypical application to opiate-drug users was invalid because many of them remain occasional users with no physical dependence. Addiction is more often now defined by the continuing, compulsive nature of the drug use despite physical and/or psychological harm to the user and society and includes both licit and illicit drugs, and the term "substance abuse" is now frequently used because of the broad range of substances (including alcohol and inhalants) that can fit the addictive profile. Psychological dependence is the subjective feeling that the user needs the drug to maintain a feeling of well-being; physical dependence is characterized by tolerance (the need for increasingly larger doses in order to achieve the initial effect) and withdrawal symptoms when the user is abstinent. Definitions of drug abuse and addiction are subjective and infused with the political and moral values of the society or culture.