After the creation of these drugs and the closure of psychiatric wards, people stopped taking their drugs, and the effects of their illnesses, treatment was not received, and their behaviors deteriorated. Thus, crimes were committed, and inmate population increased. These inmates are more likely than any other type of inmate to have behavioral issues. As of 2005 there were 1,255,700 mentally ill inmates recorded within our state and federal prisons (Seiter, 2011). * According to Seiter (2011), in 2004 drug dependence or abuse criteria in the State prison was met by 40.3% of inmates and in Federal prison systems was met by 48.6%.
No therapy will be provided to alleviate their condition. Even if the pharmaceutical company decides that treatment will be supplied, it will probably be just another form of testing “under the name of science”, and no-one really knows if the pains will be aggravated instead. Although the inmates have infringed on others’ rights or even lives, their actions do not take away their identities as human beings. Recently, EU has banned the sale of animal-tested cosmetics. Therefore, testing on prisoners does not only deprive them of their rights but also indicate that their value is lesser than that of cats and mice.
There has been no consistent evidence that crowding is associated with mortality, morbidity which is defined as clinic utilization), recidivism, violence, or other pathological behaviors (Gaes 1994). In addressing any problem area, one first must define the terms or operational definitions. The United States Supreme Court on November 30, 2010, heard oral argument in Schwarzenegger v. Plata about whether a federal court in California properly ordered the release of 40,000 prisoners to relieve the severe overcrowding in the state's prisons that has led to inadequate medical and mental health care for prisoners (Equal Justice Initiative, 2010). America’s prisons now hold more than 2.3 million people, and many of the facilities are overcrowded, with serious implications for both health and safety. Since the mid-1970s, the prison population in the nation’s largest state has risen by more than 750%, from about 20,000 to more than 160,000 (Equal Justice Initiative, 2010).
Venezuela’s prison La Sabeneta is one of the worst prisons due to that they have one guard to every 150 inmates. Corruption and bribery is normal with the staff and 624 hurt and 196 murdered in 1995 shows the brutality of the prison when an inmate had a gun battle with the inmates. La Sante prison in France is well known for its high suicide rate with 124 suicides in just 1999. Some have even eaten rat poison to escape from living there. Many have become slaves while others only leave their cells for 4 hours a day.
Implementing a plan that helps to improve a particular population’s interactions with corrections will help the correctional field to serve their purpose to society and the inmates entrusted to them. Inmates that are mentally challenged pose a variety of challenges to correctional facilities that need to be addressed. One of the major target populations within the field of corrections are those that are mentally challenged. According to Renee Lewis, in 2012, there were an estimated 356,268 inmates with severe mental illnesses in U.S. prisons and jails while there were only 35,000 mentally ill individuals in state psychiatric hospitals (2014). There are 10 times more mentally ill people in prisons and jails than in state psychiatric hospitals and their conditions will often deteriorate while they are incarcerated.
Prison Overcrowding America's prison population has more than quadrupled since 1980. A special report released by the Public Safety Performance Project of the Pew Charitable Trusts in 2007 predicts that the nation's prison population will rise to more than 1.72 million by 2011(According to“Public Safety, Public Spending” (2008), The Pew Charitable Trusts). From a comparative perspective, the number of people behind bars in the United States is striking. An even more recent report from Pew notes "the United States incarcerates more people than any country in the world, including the far more populous nation of China." Even though many new prisons have been built throughout the nation during the past 20 years to accommodate the growing number of inmates, prison overcrowding is still very much a reality in many jurisdictions.
This means Rocky Mount where I work has a population of 57,477 people with approximately 399 of those whom suffer from schizophrenia (US Census Bureau, 2011). Approximately one third of the homeless populations suffer from schizophrenia or manic depressive disorders. This increases their noncompliance to treatment and exposes them to violence and more illness. Personal Awareness of Paranoid Schizophrenia Many people with mental illness such as Schizophrenia are perceived as dangerous, untreatable, and drug abusers. An estimated 20 to 70 % of Schizophrenia patients have substance abuse problems (Schub & Uribe, 2011).
Sykes argues that institutional aggression is a result of the environment, and that it is occurs within prison institutions because they experience deprivation on a daily basis. These include deprivation of liberty, where the prisoners are deprived of their freedom, deprivation of autonomy, where the prisoners are deprived of their independence by constantly being controlled by officers and loss of security, where many of the prisoners feel insecure of themselves. This is then supported by Sykes who found that the potential threat to personal security increased the anxiety levels in inmates, even if the majority of prisoners were not a threat to them. However, inmates may cope with these struggles in a number of ways, including some prisoners isolating themselves in their cells, whereas others choose to rebel by being violent towards staff. A study supporting the deprivation model was carried out by McCorkle et al who found that overcrowding, lack of privacy and lack of meaningful activities leads to peer violence which shows that the environment and place, could be a significant factor influencing aggression within prisoners.
All due to an abuse of power and control as to who thinks the country should be run. I haven’t heard of any disappearances but there has been torture and degrading treatment to our society. The laws have been over looked and not cared for; therefore there was a lack of communication between citizen and government officials. I have worked in a prison for quite some time, in prison and detention centers the national standards were met however, overcrowding in the prison remained an issue. The government did allow human rights observers to come and view the conditions of the establishment.
Due to the correctional officers not being properly trained on how to breach a prisoner’s cell and properly extract the unruly inmate may be considered a violation of the inmate’s rights. Had the correctional officers been trained properly when it came to subduing the inmate he may have not received the injuries that caused him to be put into a comatose state. With any local, state and federal agency liability is the utmost of importance due to the impact that it has on the agency. When referring to the correctional facility in this scenario the supervisor usually knows who has experience and who does not out of his staff. The supervisor did not plan or intend for the inmate to be knocked out and to later end up in a coma, because he was more or less genuinely interested in the inmates safety at the time he was beating himself up in his cell.