However, they did help unite China and form the Yuan Empire. Additionally, the Mongols moved the capital to Beijing in an attempt to make it the center of politics and commerce in China. They made other improvements to encourage trade, such as reorganizing and rebuilding roads, irrigation, and plumbing, building granaries to prevent famines, and extending the Great Canal. These improvements proved successful, as it helped them export in large amounts and become a lucrative center for trade. Nevertheless, their excessive spending severely depleted China’s economy.
The rule of the Mongol people in Asia affected both Russia and China in many ways both economically and politically, however, because the Mongols directly ruled China, they had a greater impact on the country of China. One economic similarity the Chinese and Russians shared under Mongol rule was that using the rule of the Mongols, the reinventing of the Silk Road helped both countries economically by increasing safe trade between countries, trading mainly silk from China and fur from Russia. The Mongols also affected China and Russia in the new types of political system or the trade of power that occurred: the Chinese created a bureaucracy while the Russians ruled their people with feudalistic tactics such as princes/vassals of the Mongols. The Mongols also created sufism in Russia. The political impact from the Mongols was much more centralized and uncompromising in China rather than in Russia, where political impact was didn’t have as much effect.
Mail Order Bride Industry The mail order bride industry has always been controversial on a global scale due to its undeniable reality of selling human beings to one another. In most cases this proves to be a true testament about the industry, but in the case of Russia much of the actual reality goes unknown. The history behind the term "mail order brides" goes as far back as the time of the first American settlers. The settlers, most of whom were men, could not find suitable women to marry and had to write letters to Europe asking women to become their wives. In those days, arranged marriages were quite common, and marrying somebody you barely knew was nothing out of the ordinary.
The effect of Mongol rule on Russia and China was similar in some respects and different in others economically. The Mongols affected both civilizations similarly in that the Mongols demanded tribute from both empires. Although it was similar that Russia and China both had to give tribute to the Mongols, it affected both civilizations differently. For example in Russia, the peasants were taxed very harshly, turning them into serfs. Also in Russia, all of the tax went to Moscow because Moscow was the tax collector because Chinggis Khan did not live directly in Russia, so this helped build Russia’s wealth.
The railways, particularly the Trans-Siberian railway, also gave Eastern Russia a link to Europe and Western Russia a link to the Pacific Ocean, which made it easier to export Russian goods. Therefore the Russian governments’ investment in railways was extremely successful in promoting economic growth. The Russian government was also successful in improving Russia’s heavy industry through the introduction of tariffs on imports. This clearly helped Russian heavy industry to expand as steel production increase eightfold from 1880 to 1905 and petroleum production increased over 2500% during the same time period. These tariffs, introduced by Vyshnedgradsky and continued by Witte, both increased revenue for the government and made
Witte believed that the construction of this railway was crucial to the economic growth of Russia, because it would make it possible to take advantage of the economic potential of Siberia. Witte hoped that the expansion of the railway would encourage the migrations of workers from the East to the West, but this didn’t happen. Instead, it improved communications and increased the amount of exports Russia made by making transportation of materials easier and faster. However, the growth in population was much larger than the national output, indicating less production per person, therefore production in Russia wasn’t very efficient. In addition, the railway cost the country a lot of money and a lot of time to build, so it can be argued that the railway was not even worth building in the first place as that money could have gone to other important industrial plans or improving conditions for workers.
Being a rich woman in Colonial Williamsburg would have been very different than being one today. Marriage in the 18th century was definitely different. It turned into an all day party with games, story-telling, and more food than the town could possibly eat. The most popular months for a marriage were December, January, and early February since that’s when there wasn’t as much work to be done. A woman was usually married by the time she was 23 and the marriage usually took place in her home.
This pleased a lot of people as the population had 80% peasants. Also, he promised an end to the war just as he had in the ‘April Thesis’ which was a popular wish among the people and further gaining him support. This promise was carried through in March 1918 when Russia pulled out of the war in the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. However, Russia lost a third of her population, 54% of her industry and 89% of coalmines to Germany. This was costly for Russia as their crippling economy would continue, but Lenin justified his actions by claiming he would win back as much as he
As we might say today, women’s ‘public image’ changed and improved,” says Constance Rover, a historian. Part of the reason why the war was key to women gaining the vote in 1918, was because of changing opinions towards women. “Surely a land fit for heroes to live in might include a place for a few heroines as well?” says Constance Rover. Women had proved themselves useful which was leading to greater equality with men. It would have been simply unreasonable to deny women the right to vote, especially now that women had more of a presence in society.
The industrialization in China has been a very important development because of the effects it has had on the social conditions and also the effect it has had on the economy. With the rapid growth in the economy there has been a corresponding growth of women migrating to the cities to find work. This can be seen especially in the growth of Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, as thousands of young women have migrated there in search of work at the large factories that are along the cost. The migration of women to these areas of were the factories are is known as the “Global Assembly Line” (Mills, 2001, p. 9). Some of the main motivations behind a woman’s decisions to migrate to Shenzhen involve a lot of thought, but it comes down to the consideration of family, is it morally the right move, will it be a good move individually.