So in China, the capital was moved to Beijing causing it to be the center of politics and commerce in China. Whereas in Russia, the Mongols formed an alliance with the Orthodox Church combing together government and church. This gave more political power to the church. Finally, the Mongols also helped unite China and formed both the Ming and Yuan empire. The Mongols had economic effects on trade which was different in both states.
This created peace on the road, and greater benefits for those in China. This also allowed Russia safe access to trade routes, stabilizing their rough economy. Furthermore, the increased wealth allowed for greater taxation of both China and Russia, conducted by the Mongol leaders. Pursuing this further, the Mongols additionally established a mail system which contributed to the spread of wealth and also some diseases. On the contrary, Mongol rule was carried out completely differently in China and Russia.
Mongol Rule in China vs. Russia Due to the Mongols ultimate desire for economic power, the Mongols highly affected both Russia and China in both political and economic aspects. When the Mongols invaded both territories, they destroyed a lot and the key differences and similarities come from how it became reconstructed. Many similarities in politics and economics arose such as the way the facilitated trade, and how their economies dropped. However, many differences occurred like the way they ran the governments, their centers of power, and how the Mongols fell from both states. In many ways, both states were extremely similar in the way Mongols ruled them.
Mongol Compare Essay During the 12th and 13th centuries, The Mongol Empire expanded to take over many other empires, including China and Russia, Mongol rule over these two regions had various similar and different political and economic effects. In China, the Mongols burdened the Chinese people with heavy taxes, The Russian people also had to pay Tribute, a form of taxes, to the Mongols. However, in Russia the Mongols would allow the native to continue to rule their own country in exchange for these taxes. To contrast, in China the Mongols actually ruled over the Chinese people and even formed their own Chinese-style dynasty. As previously mentioned, the one major economic similarity in the effect of Mongol rule on China and Russia was the way the Mongols had the people in both regions pay taxes.
Mongol conquest in both Middle East and China encouraged the long-distance trade routes of Eurasia while also leading to the creation of one of the worst pandemics in history. While Mongol Rule was similar in China and the Middle East, the Mongols in China were much more tolerant of other religions than the Mongols in the Middle East who had everyone converted to Islam by force. The conquered peoples of China possessed many religions such as Buddhism, Confucianism, and others. These Chinese religions were tolerated much better by the Mongols, than the religions of the Middle East. The conflict between Mongol and Muslim beliefs is illustrated by the fate of the last Abbasid caliph when Hulegu’s troops stormed Baghdad is 1258.
Another advantage the reds had was they had the support of the peasants. They had the peasants support as they though the whites would restore the old regime and landlords so they would have to go back to poor conditions and pay. Although the peasants didn’t like the reds as they came and took grain and other supplies they needed under wartime communism. The peasants saw the reds as better in the long run when the civil war is over. The final advantage the reds had was superior military man power.
This suggests that Russia’s economy was improving very early on and this method of increasing their economic power panned out to be successful in the long term, however this would only be successful if the peasants buying the land were productive. This also suggests that Alexander III was a productive Tsar who was determined to improve Russia’s status by taking control of the situation and making a difference. Foreign loans were introduced in the 1890’s by Vyshnegradsky and later carried on by Witte when he gained control of the economy of Russia. This was a process where other European countries, mainly Britain and France would loan Russia money so they could improve their economy. This was very successful in the long term for Russia because Russia was able to gain a foreign alliance that would help Russia in times of desperation.
Also they didn’t have the significant funds to invest in an industrial revolution. So Witte introduced a plan for economic growth known as the ‘Witte System’. The government were to sponsor and direct the economic growth, emphasising the production of capital goods. Also, due to lack of funds, Russia gained financial backing from foreign countries such as Britain, which was a major factor for the development. Finally, the ‘Witte System’ enforced extra taxes to the over taxed peasants, creating more funds.
But after the Han dynasty declined in , China became divided so the trading along the Silk road decreased. Not until the Tang Dynasty did trade along the Silk Road reach its full height. Station along the road was established to shelter travelers and road were made safer to promote more trade. In the Yuan Dynasty, the Mongols who ruled almost all Asia were very interactive with people of the West. The Mongols established a vast empire and also
The building of railroads also created many jobs for the immigrants looking for work. It was dangerous and physically toiling, but paid good money. Communities began to develop near the railroad as it inspired a more interconnected society, and they were able to work together easier due to the decreased travel time. The farmers could send more crops longer distances for less money, which had two positive effects. The sellers found new markets in which to sell their goods, and individuals who lived on the frontier were able to obtain goods that were previously unavailable or extremely hard to get.