Augustine defends the god of theism by rejecting the existence of evil as a force or power opposed to god as it would reject the premise that god is omnipotent. Below are the ways in which he justifies moral and natural evil, which respectively mean evil caused by human acts, and evil events caused by the processes of nature. To justify evil, he solves the problem by defining evil as a ‘privation’ – which means when something is ‘evil’, it is not defined to contain bad qualities but is seen to be falling short of perfection, or what it is expected to be. Take a rapist as an example. Adopting Augustine’s idea of ‘evil’, we are to say that he is not living up to standards expected of human beings.
It describes a God that is personal, all-powerful, all-knowing, and all-good. Theodicy is one criticism against the second premise of this argument, which attempts to try and explain why an all-PKG allows evil to exist (Sober, pg. 111). Theodicy claims that some evils are necessary as they have the property of being “soul-building”. Soul-building evils are meant to force human beings to live through adversity and in turn strengthen our characters (Sober, pg.
These are all questions I have constantly struggled with, and these are questions, I personally feel, can be discovered within reading ‘Sinners in the hands of an angry God.’ A sermon created by Jonathan Edwards in 1741. It was preached that same year in Enfiled, Connecticut on July 8, 1741. When studying this sermon, I am reminded of a time before Jonathan Edwards, a much simpler and nobler time, the time of the puritan beliefs.To truly understand the mid-1600’s, I believe you must understand the Puritan way of live. As that is what much of our country was originally
Lawrence’s reading stresses how racist speech is a roadblock that still Lewis 2 exists today that we goes against that statement written in our countries declaration. He says part of the problem in trying to eliminate racism is that “we have abandoned those whose race, gender, or sexual preference continues to make them secondclass citizens.”(Lawrence 65 ). Lewis’s reading however discusses more of the pursuit of happiness part of the declaration. He says what is truly meant by this statement is “They meant "to pursue happiness by all lawful means”” (Lewis 795 ). These readings discuss happiness in two different views but ultimately it is the
Imagine a boy who eats too much ice cream that he ruins his body and health, the church would say that the boy was tempted by the vice and luxury he found in the ice cream, and that because of that, he’s guilty. Nietzsche would suggest that to boy was already to weak to resist the ice cream, and because of the weakness of his self-control, he engaged in such an action. So this relates to his claims in section 7 in the sense that the boy was not responsible for his actions like the church would suggest; the cause was not his sense of free will, but his already existing weakness. Again, Nietzsche would say that the church introduces free will to make us feel guilty of our actions, because feeling guilty in itself is a way of punishment. The second error is the error of false causality.
By doing this, he brings Tom’s character into question as a result of what he sees as his lack of respect for his betters, when he was only being empathetic to Mayella Ewell’s plight. Furthermore, Lee also shows how, even when they are liars and frauds themselves, some white people still look down on the black people, even though, as Scout put it, all that made the Ewells “any better than [their] nearest neighbours was, that if scrubbed with lye soap and very hot water, [their] skin was white.” This attitude is shown by Scout’s observations of how Mayella “stood up and looked at [Tom] as if he were dirt beneath her feet.” While the fact that Mayella has lied and perjured and still looks down on black people is bad enough, the racism is emphasised by the fact that Tom was the very person she was lying about to save her own good name from actions she committed herself. Another way that white people in Maycomb treat the black population poorly is by their casual racist comments. One example of this is during one of Aunt Alexandra’s Missionary Society Meetings, where one of the members remarked flippantly “That Robinson boy was legally married … kept himself clean, went to church … but when it
In Robert Louis Stevenson’s The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, Stevenson portrays the idea of temptation and how self control conducts how the future ends up to be. Jekyll, the selfish alchemist does not like living with temptation, so he creates another being to relive his evil side. Utterson is tempted to read a packet that should not be read, and Lanyon, Jekyll’s acquaintance witnesses a man turn into another being. Stevenson implies that self control is virtues and not many people have. Temptation without self control leads to discontentment and, an un pleasurable life.
In his film, Citizen Kane, Welles uses characterisation to question society’s obsession with absolutes, and further challenge the deemed truth of societal perception. Representation of character is, indeed, sympathetic as the film draws focus upon characters’ motivations rather than simply their actions. Welles provides the audience with a range of different representations of Charles Foster Kane, allowing him to explore the character in remarkable depth. The characters of Bernstein and Leland are also represented sympathetically, but in a different way. Leland is depicted as a victim of Kane’s insincerity, his pure morality not being able to cope with the corrupt world.
Whenever someone treats him cruelly he responds by assuming that their actions are caused by lack of knowledge or mistake. Charlie's increasing intellectual capacity forces him to adopt a far more cynical look on those around him. This cynical outlook not only drains his trust to a healthy level but turns into an almost paranoid condition. The more subtle change in which the coldness appears is that he becomes condemning of lesser intelligent people, dismissing professors as shams with very narrow fields of knowledge. This development in Charlie's personality is ironic since his ambition in the beginning of the story is to get enough mental prowess to be included in the same community that he distances himself from when he criticizes the average human as being limited and slow.
For example, the 'bad boy" type of guy would for example be in an argument with a girl, thus being the douchebag the guy is, ends up making a girl cry or simply just upsetting her. But in doing so, the guy can simply set up and apology, (which is something that a bad boys do not possess usually when you think about them) thus making them actually appear to be a more sensitive guy. In other words, you were mean to her, therefore you upset her; because you upset her before, you later sets up an apology, making you look more of a nice guy from the sudden leap of the bad guy you were, making you actually a sensitive guy who can actually still be a stuck up bad boy. On the other hand, if a girl always knew you were a nice, sensitive, caring guy, and one day upon a blue moon, you simply slip your mouth and accidently