Nietzsche the Four Great Errors

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Question # 1: In section 7 of “The four great errors”, Nietzsche discusses the error of free will, he argues that men are not responsible for their actions, and that creating that misconception was only to find justification for punishment. He says, “…Wherever responsibilities are sought, what tends to be doing the seeking is the instinct of wanting to punish and rule.” He claims that we are not responsible for our actions, and that “human beings were thought to be free so that they could be ruled, so that they could be punished.” These claims relate to his discussions of the four great errors in the previous sections in many ways. First, relating the error of free will to the error of confusing cause and effect: In the first error, Nietzsche claims that we confuse the cause of a happening with the effect of it, so he uses the example of a man who claims that his amazing diet is what gave him a longer life. Nietzsche says that this is false, and that because of the very slow metabolism of that man, he had the long life he claims to have. Imagine a boy who eats too much ice cream that he ruins his body and health, the church would say that the boy was tempted by the vice and luxury he found in the ice cream, and that because of that, he’s guilty. Nietzsche would suggest that to boy was already to weak to resist the ice cream, and because of the weakness of his self-control, he engaged in such an action. So this relates to his claims in section 7 in the sense that the boy was not responsible for his actions like the church would suggest; the cause was not his sense of free will, but his already existing weakness. Again, Nietzsche would say that the church introduces free will to make us feel guilty of our actions, because feeling guilty in itself is a way of punishment. The second error is the error of false causality. This basically suggests that we make up causes
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