During this revolution, there were four main classes known as: “Rich plantation owners, wealthy free people of color, petit blancs, and slaves” (Green), and everybody knew who they were. There was an obvious separation between classes and each class knew it. Adding onto this, we saw interesting hostility between two close social classes. The significance of the hostility between the petit blancs and the slaves was that the petit blancs were hostile, but their thoughts that fueled this hostility for slaves was illogical. The reasoning that they had was that they were less than slaves because they were not rich enough to own any (Hetler).
They were forced to leave their homeland and come to Haiti to work on plantations and factories. They worked without pay, were treated cruelly, and had no rights or privileges. These unequal conditions, along with other factors such as economy, influenced these classes to rise up and take a stand. France and Haiti differed when it came to the state of their economies and the influence it had on their revolutions. During this time France’s economy was in decline due to the heavy burden of taxes, bad weather causing crop failure, and rise of living costs.
They were not allowed to read or write and received harsh beatings for failure to comply with their master’s orders. Most slaves spoke different languages and were unable to effectively conspire in a rebellion. The institutionalization of slavery led to a social division and contributed to a feeling of racial superiority and discrimination amongst settlers and
These laws varied from state to state, but all of them restricted the independence of blacks and channeled them into the service of the white-dominated social and economic order. Some whites decided that such restrictive laws did not sufficiently impress upon blacks their subordinate status. In an effort to promote white supremacy they founded secret organizations such as the Ku Klux Klan. The Klan, organized by former Confederate soldiers, used violence and terror to intimidate blacks and to disrupt the efforts of Radical Republicans from "reconstructing" the South. During one campaign season in Louisiana, over 200 blacks were killed in one parish alone.
That agricultural industry in the South was so corrupt that farmers gained no profit from their livestock and crops, therefore was inefficient and moving backwards. Communication between the North and South was very difficult, almost as if the North and South were two different countries, the Liberal government didn’t do a very good job in controlling the two divisions. Cavour said “To harmonise the north with the south is more difficult than to fight Austria or struggle with Rome.” In 1896 Italy tried to gain back their empire, in doing so they tried to take Adowa back in Africa, but suffered a humiliating defeat, and stunted their right to being called ‘a Great Nation’. Due to the fact that Liberal Italy found it hard to communicate across the two divisions, Liberal Italy was therefore unstable and not very secure. The new
Slave labor was impractical for the Amerinds due to high death tolls caused by disease and lack of immunities. Iberian slaves were not suitable due to limited population and failure to adapt to the climate properly, so slaves were imported from West Africa. 9. The council of the Indies supervised every aspect of governing the inhabitants of Spanish America. 10.
However the landowners never fulfilled there part of the contracts. This caused some of the servants to revolt against the rich people in, what is now called Beacon’s Revolution. Having crushed this revolt, the plantation owners had to switch workers, slavery in the New World had taken its root. A black was cheaper than an indentured slave and above all they looked different from their owners. It would be considerably harder for a slave to escape.
However, all other areas of efforts by the bureau were lame and wayward. Though freedom was granted to the slaves their economical needs were failed to be addressed by the North. (7) Just as the blacks struggled to earn a living, they would be slapped in the face by the whites for their efforts of obtaining a better social status. Although African Americans were now freed with Civil Rights (1866), they would struggle to exercise these rights. As many white Southerners felt their very own social and political dominance threatened, resulting in violence and illegal means to keep the African Americans from obtaining equality.
Slaves in the United States were completely under their master’s control. They had no sense of identity and were expected to live their life according to their master’s commands. In The Shaping of Black America it said, “It was a crime…for a slave to read and write. It was a crime, punishable by summary lashing, for an African to stand up straight and look a white man in the eye…Slaves could not congregate in groups of more than two or three away from the home plantations. They could not beat drums, wear fine clothes, or carry sticks or weapons” (Fairclough 147).
The imbalance of power in relationships plays a crucial role in the act of cruelty. At its center, cruelty exists when a majority has the power of the minority with a weakness. Such an example is that of the slaves in early America. African Americans, when brought to America had no financial means (resources), education, nor did they stand a chance in our society especially in governmental affairs. They were told that they were of lesser human value than their white counterparts and the white’s outnumbered them.