Science Task- Camels Essay

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A Camel is a large and imposing animal. They can reach up to seven feet tall and can weigh as much as 1500 pounds. A Camels average life expectancy is 40-50 years. They have a thick fur coat when in the winter for insulation and in the summer large chunks of fur are shed to keep them cool. Camels have one large humps on their back (unless it is a Bactrian Camel which has two humps) which can reach anywhere from 20 to 30 inches high, the purpose for these are to store fat so they can survive for long periods without food or water. When they do find somewhere to drink they can consume up to three gallons of water in one sitting. The Camel lives in very dry places so that is why they need other adaptations to survive their harsh environment. Camels have two rows of long eyelashes so they can keep the blowing sand out of their eyes, Camels nostrils are able to be closed and this is because of the blowing sand. Camels also have a unique thick leathery patch on their knees and that is because when they kneel down it will protect them from getting their knees burnt from the hot sand. Camels have very strong legs so they are able to carry a lot of weight for a long distance of time and they can travel up to 65km/h in short bursts and can sustain a speed of 40km/h. They have broad, flat, leathery pads at the bottom of their hooves so it creates a snowshoe effect and prevent them from sinking in the sand. Out of the 14 million Camels alive today a big percentage are domesticated. Most living in Ethiopia’s Somalia, the border of Sahara, North Africa, the Middle East, Indian subcontinent and in most deserts. Interesting facts * Camels were domesticated by humans about 5000 years ago. * Camels reach adult age between five to seven years. * Camels have stomachs with three sections. They eat grass, dates, wheat, oats, leaves and plants. They eat their food

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