1518 - First boatload of slaves brought directly from Africa to the Americas Cause: Europeans accustomed to slavery were coming to the Americas. Effects: Slavery helped owners gain wealth and property. The United States grew and slavery eventually became a necessity for the Southern Plantation owners. Driven by humanitarian and economic reasons the country became divided and erupted into Civil War. Significance: Slavery brought Africans to America, challenged this country to look at all men as equals and made us leaders in the world for civil rights of mankind.
Scott Joplin had played in New York, and other great musicians followed in his footsteps. After The Original Dixieland Jazz Band played on Broadway, jazz musicians imitated the New Orleans sound. While not attaining the undisciplined and wildly erratic beat of New Orleans jazz, the popularity of jazz in New York increased drastically. The 1920s proved to be a Golden Age of jazz in New York. Jazz was diverse and appealed to people from every echelon of society.
This put a huge damper on the triangular trade that put slavery in many other countries and thus led to the downfall of slavery in all modern countries. America, as the last remaining, important nation to have African slaves, finally ended its own slavery when the humanitarian philosophies of the British influenced the Abraham Lincoln’s North to conquer the South in the civil war. Thus, as morals once again flourished in the world, slavery was finally ended, bringing a stop to all of the terror and trauma that African slavery caused to millions of
On the streets, in dance halls, and in Storyville cabarets like The Big 25 and Pete Lala’s, Freddy Keppard and King Oliver experimented with music so new, it didn’t even have a name. New Orleans, the devastated but recovering city, forever will be associated with the birth of jazz music, the first original art form developed in the United States, which went on to spread across the continent and around the globe during the 20th century. 3. Restrictions upon the use of African drums impacted
I. Introduction * Harlem Renaissance – New Negro Movement and the Negro Renaissance * Important cultural manifestation of the mid-twenties and thirties * Harlem (center) * Renaissance – upsurge of new racial attitudes and ideals (African Americans) * Artistic and political awakening * Partly inspired by the iconoclastic spirit of the times * Harlem artists and artists – in search of new forms, images, and techniques * Much like their white Modernist counterparts * Skeptical and disillusioned * Difference – view of artistic endeavor (extension of the struggle against oppression) II. Migration * Historical roots are complex * Vast migration of African Americans to northern industrial centers
Jazz is music like no other. It’s considered the “musical language of communication” and it’s also the first American Native style of music to affect many cultures around the world. Jazz is a type of African-American music that originated in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century in the South of the United States. This type of music is a combination of European harmony and different types of African musical elements such as blue notes, improvising, polyrhythms, and syncopation. As it started spreading around the world, Jazz made an amazing impression on national, regional and local cultures forming many distinctive styles of jazz.
Jazz changed the world for Blacks because it gave them the freedom to express themselves without constraint. Jazz has no limits, which gave Blacks the freedom to be original. The first known form of jazz in the United States was called Ragtime and it was introduced in 1895 by Ernest Hogan. New Orleans became the “official” birthplace of jazz in the 1910’s because many jazz artists performed in brothels and bars in what s known as “Storyville.” Performers from New Orleans then traveled to big cities such as New York, Chicago, and Kansas City. Louie Armstrong and Charlie Parker came along and helped introduce the world to Scatting.
By this time slavery had been abolished throughout a large portion of the world and oddly enough this Brazilian curiosity raised much interest from all around the globe. The images suggest a wide variation in what it meant to be enslaved during the time before abolition in Brazil in 1888. The photo on the left portrays a typical field slave under the watchful eye of an overseer during the violent enslavement of Africa. African slaves were predominantly field workers and were notorious for attempting to escape due to their overly oppressive enslavement. On the other hand the picture on the right portrays a slave for hire in which were owned to work independently in the streets as carriers or vendors.
Europeans started bringing African-Americans to America back in the mid -1500s. Two and a half centuries of slavery and segregation stop black men and women from exercising their rights. They were denied the right to vote and if they tried to vote they were either beaten or even killed for trying to do so. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), was formed in 1909. It’s sole purpose was to try to abolish segregation and discrimination in housing, education, employment, voting, and transportation and securing for African Americans their constitutional rights.
The articles “The Buena Vista Social Club” by Tanya Katerí Hernandez and “Globalisation and the Tango” by Chris Goertzen and María Susana Azzi have both discussed the issue of the globalisation of Latin American music and how it is portrayed in foreign countries. Cuban son music emerged in the country during the 1910s and by 1930 had gained worldwide success. This style of music, a blend of Spanish canción, Spanish guitar and African rhythms and played in the clave rhythm, provided a key symbol of Afro-Cuban culture and identity while also heavily influencing other musicians and music genres. It provided Havana’s Afro-Cuban lower classes with a source of income and the chance to enter a previously European dominated market. Son was exported to the rest of the world during the 1930s and 1940s and became particularly popular in the United States, also providing the grounds for the creation of salsa music in the 1970s.