Rwanda Civil War Essay

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The civil war between the ethnic groups Hutu and Tutsi in Rwanda, like many civil wars in Africa, had colonial roots. However, the civil war took a extreme turn for the worst on a tragic day in April where thousands of Tutsis lost their lives in a relentless genocide that lasted a hundred days carried out by the Hutus. In this essay, I will explain the cause of the civil war, the 1994 genocide and the aftermath of the genocide. According to a articley called “Rwanda: How the Genocide Happeneded” in the BBC NEWS site, the conflict between the Hutus and Tutsi originated with the arrival of the Belgian colonist. Belgian colonial leaders and the Catholic Church deepened the racial divide between the majority Hutu populated country of Rwanda, by awarding Tutsi ethnic group better job and education opportunities. The reason why the Belgians favored the Tutsis was because of their European look and thus judge Tutsi more superior than the Hutu. The Tutsi, the minority race in Rwanda took advantage of the Belgium favor and put themselves in position to deny Hutus access to education, land ownership and government representation to maintain control of the country for the next forty years. However, according to the website “United Human Rights Council”, soon after Rwanda’s independence from Belgium in the 1960s, the Hutu majority seized power from the Tutsi minority and unleashed forty years of resentment on the Tutsis. This event caused thousands of Tutsis to migrate to Uganda because of rise of Hutu violence against Tutsi. Around 1990, Tutsi exiles know as the Rwandan Patriotic Front(RPF), attempted to invade Rwanda. The invasion is thwarted by the Rwandan army with the help of French and Belgium troops. The attempted invasion caused a civil war between the two ethnic groups for 3 to 4 year. During the civil war, Rwanda’s main export coffee goes through a recession

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