It is estimated that some 200,000 people participated in the perpetration of the Rwandan genocide. In the weeks after April 6, 1994, 800,000 men, women, and children perished in the Rwandan genocide, perhaps as many as three quarters of the Tutsi population. At the same time, thousands of Hutu were murdered because they opposed the killing campaign and the forces directing it. The Rwandan genocide resulted from the conscious choice of the elite to promote hatred and fear to keep itself in power. This
The presidential guards recruited a mass amount of Hutu citizens to join them in the killing spree. The Hutu citizens were given money or food and sometimes were able to take the land of the Tutsis they killed. The next day RPF declared war on the government forces once again. The result of this was an estimated 800,000 deaths in total for both sides (PPU "Genocide Rwanda”). This civil war finally ended in July when the RPF took control of Kigali the capital of Rwanda.
Another important event was in April, 1994 when the Habyarimana and the Burundian presidents were killed after their plane was shot down over Kigali. The RPF sent an extremist Hutu militia and elements of the Rwandan military to begin the systematic massacre of the Tutsis. Also, in 1994 to 1996, refugee camps in Zaire fell under the control of the Hutu militias who were in responsible for the genocide in Rwanda. In 1995, the Hutu militia extremists and the Zairean government forced an attack on the local Zairean Banyamulenge Tutsis. Also, in 1995, the United Nation-appointed international tribunal began charging and sentencing a number of people responsible for the Hutu and Tutsi atrocities.
Ethnic tensions heightened quickly. 2,500 UN military officials from all over the world were sent to Rwanda to keep the peace between the Hutus and Tutsis. They were led by General Romeo Dallaire of Canada. The UN officials tried to keep peace as best they could, however the seize fire agreement was threatened by the Interahamwe, a group of extremists for Hutu nationalism who wished to exterminate all of the Tutsis. On April 6, 1994, President Habyarimana’s plane was shot down while returning from a peace meeting with the Tutsi rebels.
Paula Buari Professor Susan Storrs English 2800 27 June 2012 Rwandan Genocide of 1994 Popularly known as the “100 Days of Massacre,” the 1994 genocide in Rwanda shocked the world as they watched in complete disbelief at the series of events that unfolded on the evening of April 6, 1994. The genocide lead to a death toll of over 800, 000 people, an estimate of about 20% of the country’s total population (Martin), and over 2 million were displaced from Rwanda as they fled to Zaire, now Republic of Congo (“Zaire/Democratic Rep.”). Scholars, journalists, and writers have attempted to explain how the genocide came about. Indeed, the Rwanda genocide of 1994 was caused by a variety of factors, which led to an inevitable outcome. In comprehending the factors that lead to the events of the April 1994 mass murder in Rwanda, it is crucial to understand the social and ethnic instability of the country, which ultimately paved the way for the animosity that existed among the Rwandans.
Dallaire later found out that these weapons were planned to be used against the tutsi’s in a planned act of violence. Despite Dallaire’s telegram to the UN, Dallaire was asked to not seize the weapons, as it was believed to be out of his control. During Dallaires time in Rwanda, Hope and success seemed to have begun to become gradually a lot harder to achieve. On the night of April 6, 1994, the president of Rwanda was assassinated; his plane was systematically shot down. This major event began the slaughter of the Tutsis and Hutu
The Genocide in Rwanda: Why did it happen? On April 7th 1994 the day after the presidents of the African states of Rwanda and Burundi had been killed in a plane crash near the Rwandan capital, what followed is one of the darkest and most brutal tragedies in modern history. Leaders of the Hutu Power and other hard-line extremists orchestrated the annihilation of around 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus and further displaced another 4 million. There are many factors which influenced the genocide including the radical ideologies of the extremist faction of the Habyarimana regime but ultimately the catastrophic failures of the UN and the idleness international community led to genocide. Rwanda is a country with a rich colonial history; firstly
This humanitarian cause not only affects Armenia though, it will affect the entire world. The Armenian Genocide was the first genocide of the century and has set an example for other genocide perpetrators. The resolution states that “the failure of the domestic and international authorities to punish those responsible for the Armenian genocide is a reason why similar genocides have recurred and may recur in the future” (Doyle 4). And the resolution is right because after the Armenian Genocide came the Jewish Holocaust, Rwanda Genocide, and Pol Pot in Cambodia. Adolf Hitler once said "Who, after all, speaks today of the annihilation of the Armenians?"
Jake Knowles Mr. Dilmaghani American Studies, Period 2 5 June 2012 Rwandan Genocide & Kony 2012 In our world today, It's understandable that the United States military has done a fortune for our citizens and has protected us to the best they can but trying to expand and help other countries isn't such a bright idea. In October 1990, the RPF started an invasion of Rwanda. A National Security Archive Report points out five ways in which decisions made by the U.S. government contributed to the slow U.S. and worldwide response to the genocide(Garber). The U.S. have expanded even further to Africa to slow down Kony and destabilize their already unstable country, Syria. Our foreign policy should definitely be less active because we're just
The genocide happened not because the state was weak, but because it was so totalitarian and strong that it had the capacity to make its subjects obey absolutely any order, including one of mass slaughter.  The genocidal and gendercidal strategy was conceived and implemented by a small coterie of Rwandan government officials, led by the Hutu extremist Theoneste Bagosora, “a retired army Colonel who held the post of acting defense minister on the day Habyarimana was killed. In the hours and days after the assassination, Bagosora apparently orchestrated both the genocide and formation of an interim government to support it.” Another key organizer of the holocaust was Madame Agathe Habyarimana, wife of the murdered president and one of the very few women who played a central role in the planning and perpetration of the genocide.  Western powers also cannot escape from their primary responsibility at the time of the genocide because the mass slaughter was systematically organized in their presence. They must bear criminal responsibility for Rwanda’s genocide, not only for sprouting it, but also for their disgraceful failure to prevent and stop it.