Reverse Colonization Within Stoker's Dracula Essay

1232 WordsApr 22, 20135 Pages
The (Now) Obvious Themes of Reverse Colonization Within Stoker's Dracula Stephen D. Arata's article The Occidental Tourist: Dracula and the Anxiety of Reverse Colonization, was written to highlight the no longer subtle and hidden themes of imperialism, race and culture found within Bram Stoker's Dracula. Arata categorizes Dracula with other written works of the Victorian era such as The Sign of Four by Arthur Conan Doyle, The Mark of the Beast by Rudyard Kipling and The Time Machine and War of the Worlds by H.G. Wells. In each of these tales, the reader finds a story of reversal of roles: the colonized becomes the colonizer, the victim becomes the villain, the exploiter becomes the exploited. These stories were written in “response to cultural guilt and to atone for imperial sins”. (Arata, 623) Arata's article explains to the reader, quite clearly, how Count Dracula's invasion of England and his seduction and conquering of it's people symbolize the fear and terror held by the British that those who had been colonized would begin to penetrate their society and blur the lines between the high class English and everyone else. Arata's article shows the reader how intent Bram Stoker was to address the “Eastern Question”. By placing Dracula castle in Transylvania, he very deliberately brought his Victorian reader's attention to the Carpathians which was the site of much “political turbulence and racial strife”. (Arata, 627) Also, Stoker gave Dracula a double status of vampire and warrior or conqueror. Count Dracula relates to Harker how his people, specifically his ancestors, were invaders and patriots. This gives his character an air of capability to overpower and overthrow another individual and ultimately an empire. Furthermore, Arata explains the symbolism behind blood and blood sucking involved in Dracula. He ties blood to the national identity or race of a

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