Many Americans believed that there was only the black slavery. Yet until the 1660’s indentured servitude was the common way in the colonies. With the establishment of European colonies in America, it was quickly found that there was too much work for the settlers to do by themselves. The Jamestown settlement had the first indentured servants arriving within the first decade. In the beginning the Virginia Company of London would pay to have servants transported across the Atlantic Ocean.
The twelve men who met on that May afternoon set a first goal to end the slave trade in Britain. During the 1700s, Britain dominated the Atlantic slave trade. Approximately, half the slaves were sent to United States and to other European colonies. It seemed their goal was going to be fulfilled. The people in the meeting concluded that the slavery is “both impolitic and unjust.” Hochschild also added that the aftermath of the meeting marks the first time they saw that large number of people in “one country” becomes “outraged” for many years and not in one country but also from other parts of the world.
The documentary that I chose to watch was the first part of the series Slavery in America titled “Downward Spiral.” The setting takes place in the early 1600’s, and it tells many different stories about the hardships that enslaved people had to endure. The documentary was unique, because it allowed us to see into the lives of slaves, which was at times was hard to watch. It captured the way slavery in America began, and how greed and the want for fast growth brought forth the inhumane treatment of African slaves. It also described how slavery was the beginning of racial discrimination in our country. However, at the end of the documentary, we were reminded of how much hope and strength these poor people had regardless of their horrible experiences.
The main reason why the portuguese enslaved aficans was so they can have men to work on plantations. During colonial period the demand of suger, tobacco, cotten and other agricultural products increased. When this happened so did the demand of workers to work on the plantations especulay in Brazil. One of the best workers were ones that worked for free and also immune to diseases from the new world, these people were African slaves. The slaves were the the main workers of this time and there were many of them in Brazil, “about 812,000 Slaves,” (Robert Conrad pg.
The south had an extremely large amount of slaves. Over time slavery flourished in the upper south and failed to do so in the north. But there were certain parts of the north that was very important to slavery. The northern states were seeking to buy a greater volume of raw materials but the european trading house basically controlled the market. The northern states were the trade competitors of europe.
It was said the British were the best at keeping their slaves alive while on their voyage to their destination. The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade had many effects on Africa but they all came from the countries participating in it like the New World and England who had Major roles in Trans Atlantic Slave Trade. The Trans-Atlantic Trade had many effects on the Africans not only on the population but also the government and the living with many new diseases brought over by the different traders and settlers. The Trans-Atlantic Slave trade imported 12 million slaves over its four century span this amount of people leaving a country took a toll out of the African community. The New World Traders and Travelers Newly
From here, British ships would carry them to the Caribbean on ships (known as the Middle Passage) where they would be sold and forced to work on plantations. Slaves were considered properly so would get treated very poorly on the journey to the Caribbean, and on the plantations. Punishments for stepping out of line ranged from hours on a treadmill, to various limbs being burnt off. The goods they produced (sugar, spices, cotton) would be taken on ships back to Britain and sold there. As the slaves worked for free, the goods would cost less for the British.
A lot of these Indentured servants were convicts which had to work in the colonies as a form of punishment, but they were free to go after 4-7 years of working. They were given ‘freedom dues’ which usually included a piece of land and supplies. Indentured servants were also rewarded with money for their time working. African slaves replaced these indentured servants due to the belief by Europeans that Africans would be able to adjust better to the harsh heat. African slaves were also a cheaper option, as they did not get paid for their work on the plantations.
Also, he suggests that they fortify existing or erect new forts, castles and settlements along the African coasts. The reason he is asking this (on behalf of the merchants from Liverpool, Bristol and London, as he mentions several times), is the importance of the African slave trade to the American colonies and sugar plantations. Already in the first paragraph he starts by saying that he shall take it for granted that it is well-known that “the Well-being and Prosperity of our American Colonies depends upon the Supply of Slaves from the Coast of Africa; and that some of the most valuable Branches of the Slave-Trade will be absolutely lost, without an immediate Supply, and
The European traders exchanged cheap and high demand goods such as pots, pans, guns and ammunition with the African chiefs in order to obtain the slaves. It was cheaper to attain the slaves from the chiefs than to purchase them from forts. The second stage began from West Africa to the Caribbean. This was known as the Middle Passage and was very devastating for the slaves as they suffered great hardships. The last stage was from the Caribbean back to Europe.