Some dangers of heroin can be lead to addiction, acute toxicity, Nervous System disturbances, an asthma. Heroin is a drug of abuse and it is harmful but also has some good qualities. Not by any means endorsing this illegal drug but it has been proven to be a successful pain reliever. Heroin structure is like many compounds in which it has several Carbon atoms. Heroin also has the power to be fatal to a user.
Many used to call the opium poppy as a joy plant in 3000BC. Morphine acts as an anaesthetic without decreasing consciousness, and it is one of the most powerful analgesics known. However it also suppresses the respiratory system and high doses can cause death by respiratory failure. Its analgesic properties are related to the ability of the molecule to fit into and block a specific receptor site on a nerve cell. This eliminates the action of the pain receptor, preventing the pain signals reaching the brain.
Heroin and opiates release endorphins in the body, called dopamine, causing users to need an opiate continuously. The human brain has an opiate receptor in the brain. Methadone occupies this receptor and is the stabilizing factor that permits addicts on methadone to change their behavior and to discontinue opiate use. Because methadone is effective in eliminating withdraw symptoms, it is used to detoxify opiate addicts. When an
The Effect of Nicotine and Chantix on the Brain By Matt Galatly Introduction The leading cause of deaths in the world today is one that can be prevented. Approximately 15,000 people die every year from tobacco. This is one of the biggest upsets in history because there is a clear solution: stop the production of tobacco. This research paper will examine the product that kills more people every year than wars, drugs, and violence combined and it’s effect on the human brain. It will also examine a drug used to combat it: Chantix.
Delanie Brown Period 6 October 18, 2011 GHB – Drug Report GHB is a rapid-acting central nervous system depressant. It is a white powder that can be used in powder or capsule form but it is usually mixed in a liquid such as water. In liquid form, GHB is clear, colorless, odorless and nearly tasteless. It was usually used by bodybuilders but now it’s used by young people in a variety of settings such as clubs, parties, raves and other group gatherings. People typically use GHB to get intoxicated, decrease inhibitions, increase sociability, relieve anxiety and produce euphoria.
Alcohol/drugs can increase the level of dopamine (this compensates for the lack of dopamine receptors in individuals with A1 variant of the DRD2 gene). Dopamine stimulates the receptors and thud the behaviour is maintained and the individual relapses.
Cocaine's immediate effects wear off in 30 minutes to two hours. Smoking or injecting cocaine results in a faster and shorter high, compared to snorting coke. Cocaine is responsible for more U.S. emergency room visits than any other illegal drug. Cocaine harms the brain, heart, blood vessels, and lungs and can even cause sudden death (Holstege, 2011). REFERENCE PAGE
Much to contrary belief meth users do suffer from withdraws as well as any other addict would. The severity and length of the symptoms vary with the amount of damage done to the body through amphetamine use. The most common systems are irritability, loss of energy, depression, difficulty in sleeping and shaking of the hands or other body parts. These symptons can last for several days up to weeks after the user stops taking the drug. The more of the drug that comes into the body, the more the chemistry is suppressed.
Baking soda is now most often used as a base rather than ammonia for reasons of lowered odor and toxicity; however, any weak base can be used to make crack cocaine. When commonly "cooked" the ratio is 3:4 parts cocaine per bicarbonate. This acts as a filler which extends the overall profitability of illicit sales. Crack cocaine may be reprocessed in small quantities with water (users refer to the resultant product as "cookback"). This removes the residual bicarbonate, and any adulterants or cuts that have been used in the previous handling of the cocaine and leaves a relatively pure, anhydrous cocaine base.
C. Reaction With Sodium Carbonate Observation : A lot of gas bubbles was released. D. Esterification Ethanol : Fruity smell Isopentanol : Fruity smell Questions: 1. Write an equation that accounts for the solubility of benzoic acid in aqueous base. (C6H5)COOH + OH- → (C6H5)COO- + H2O 2. What would you expect to happen if a solution of sodium benzoate was acidified?