Refute Against Affirmative Action

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Special Privileges Are a Disadvantage to All Despite the fact that the Affirmative Action has been over for decades, tensions still exist over the issue of giving special consideration to underrepresented minorities. Affirmative action programs were established in order to increase the diversity and representation of minorities in the employment, education, and business areas that they were previously excluded from. The debate among race-based preferences continues to ignite animosity when distinctions between racial and social equality become blurred. In the past, schools granted a higher chance of admission and set quotas for minorities, primarily consisting of African-Americans and Hispanics. Today, these quotas have long since been banned, but some argue that special considerations toward minorities are still apparent and disrupt their rights for equal opportunity. On the one hand, they argue that qualifications should be based on merit rather than race or gender, and that it implements reverse discrimination. One the other hand, those who support the concept of Affirmative Action insist that equal opportunity is reached by helping those races faced with disadvantages and that it compensates for discrimination in the past. My own view is that special consideration should not be given to minorities because it is contradictory in their intent to create equal opportunity, therefore increasing racial tensions instead of promoting it. By protecting and giving preference to minorities, Affirmative Action unwarily discriminates against the majority, therefore contradicting its own intent for equal opportunity. This is evident in the 2003 case involving Michigan State University, which gave exclusive advantages to underrepresented ethnic groups and in turn denied the admission of a Caucasian student with better qualifications. The student, Jennifer Gratz, was

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