During the R�gence, court life moved away from Versailles and this artistic change became well established, first in the royal palace and then throughout French high society. The delicacy and playfulness of Rococo designs is often seen as a reaction to the excesses of Louis XIV's
The Neoclassical era, was an era started in the seventeenth century and was a French movement which was marked by identifying with public minded values of the Greek and Roman heroes. This era, placed value on self-sacrifice, moral virtue and, the right actions. There was a change in the way that the artwork appeared, woman were no longer seen as mermaid lie figures but rather for the people who they were mothers and leaders. In the Emperor Napoleon in His Study at the Tuileries by Jacques Louis David is a picture which is ear to identify why it is in the Neoclassical era. Within the painting, you see one person within the photo, who would have to be identified as Emperor Napoleon, and he is well dressed.
Art Movements: Romanticism and Modernism June Tye-Patterson Art 101: Art Appreciation Dr. Elia Haggar 10-12-2013 Art Movements: Romanticism and Modernism Romanticism and modernism are two very different art movements, both movements originated in Western Europe, Romanticism as a reaction to the aristocratic, social, and political norms of the Enlightenment, and Modernism, out of a need to reject tradition and embrace political, social, and economic change of the industrial age. Romanticism refers to an artist trend specific to art produced between 1750 and 1850. Romanticism emerged from a desire for freedom, not only political freedom but also freedom of thought, of feeling, of action, of worship, of speech, of taste (Kleiner, 2014). Modernism refers to the style and ideology of art produced between the 1860s and the 1970s. As traditional art forms had become outdates due to industrialization.
A1: Impressionism Era The Impressionism Era started in Paris, France in the 19th century, between 1867 and 1886, when French artists rejected government sanctioned artistry that was dominating the arts. The influence of this era spread all through Europe and eventually ventured to the United States. Such known artists during this era were the now famous Claude Monet, as well as Edgar Degas, Camille Pissaro, and many others. (Impressionism, 2015). Artists of the Impressionism Era used strokes that were short and visible, which included smears, dots, and commas.
How did the Impressionism art period influence the Post Impressionism period How did the Impressionism art period influence the Post Impressionism period. The approach to impressionism art evolved in France during the late 19th century. It was considered the most famous French painting movement ever. Prior to the Impressionist art period France was in turmoil due to the instability of government. It saw different forms of government rise and overtake others between the end of King Louis XVI in 1789 and the overthrow in 1851 of Napoleons vast empire which came to an end in 1870.
The first inkling of Modernism came after the French Academy refused 5000 works. Outraged by this censorship a Salon for the Refused artworks was created by Emperor Napoleon to exhibit the rejected art. Modernism can be considered as a Golden Age for art as well as a time of radical revolution against tradition. Impressionism began in Paris, France the art capital of the world in the late 1860’s. It was initiated by a group of artists (Claude Manet, Camille Pissarro, Auguste Renoir, Mary Cassatt, Edgar Degas, Paul Cezanne, Alfred Sisley and Edouard Manet) who were tired of following the traditional style of art and so decided to rid themselves of these ‘outdated’ shackles and began to paint unconventional subjects and outdoor landscapes.
This rise of Napoleon also triggered lavish spending, ultimately causing the French economy to suffer. “ (page 1) “The England was largely unaffected by the French Wars during the 19th century. However, much of the area ruled by the French allies in Europe suffered in the early part of the century because of Napoleon’s zeal to take over the world, England enjoyed the benefits of the Industrial Revolution, which brought prosperity, particularly from the textile industry. These technical revolution brought along with it new textile production. methods and influenced the development of European costume throughout the continent, extending to the Americas.” (page 2) “Inspired by the First Empire and coinciding with a narrower fashion period referred to as the Director that ranged from 1790 to 1800, the Empire era lasted from 1790 to 1820.
He was born into and lived during the maelstrom of post-revolutionary France. At his birth, the Directory ruled France after the Reign of Terror imposed my Robespierre, but after many years and after multiple leaders and leaderships, Napoleon II was established as emperor. During this time France was undergoing a major political change accompanied by industrialization. Industrialization brought new classes of individuals, including urban wage earners and expanded numbers of bourgeoisie, as well as multiple structural changes such as the factory, bureaucracy, and open markets. During these changes, Comte’s career began, enjoyed a promising beginning, and then faded to embarrassment and ridicule (Beeghley, Powers and Turner p 20) Auguste Comte began and finished his series of Course of Positive Philosophy (1830-1842).
Romanticism and realism Romanticism Romanticism gained fame and momentum as a movement of art in the early 19th century and flourished till the 1850s. It was popular in France and Britain. Romanticism, which emerged as a reaction to the disillusionment with enlightenment involving order and reason after the 1789 French revolution, stressed on emotion and imagination. In romantic art, nature provided an appropriate alternative to the thoughts of enlightenment. In this case, nature was considered as unpredictable, had a great potential for extreme disasters and had uncontrollable power.
The Metternich system (conservatives) gave the power back to the Nobility and the Clergy, leaving nothing for the bourgeoisie. After the congress of Vienna, the power was given back to the Nobility and the Clergy, therefore, extinguishing the idea of freedom-bringing change to Europe. Answer for Question #2: I think that these revolutions in 1830 and 1848 broke out in France partially because the French people are short-tempered and everything during these times happens in France first, but mainly because at those two times, the people of France didn’t like what their rulers were doing so they revolted. At the time of the 1830 revolution, the radical Charles X was in charge. He had complete power and with that power he forced Catholicism and raised taxes on the bourgeoisie to give money to the nobility and the clergy.