Radio Isotopes Essay

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Radionuclide/Radioisotope Essay – Bryant 9B Definition of a Radionuclide/Radioisotope: -Introduction to atoms/sub-atomic substances: In the world of scientific knowledge, all matters that exist in this space and time consist of atoms. And the parts of the atoms are referred as sub-atomic atoms. The basic definition of an atom is a: basic unit of matter that consists of a dense central nucleus (nuclide) that is clouded with a negatively charged electron (/electrons). The nucleus is a mixture of a positively charged proton and a neutrally charged neutron. An overall combination of three types of sub-atomic matters: electron, proton and neutron. And these sub-atomic matters are bounded together with a force, and this force is known as the electromagnetic force. This is where two different type of charges; positive (+) and negative (-) would attract while having the same charge type would result in an exerting (outward) force. All atoms are considered to have a neutral combination of both positive and negative charges. As for, the positive charges are found in the protons while the negative charges are found in the electrons. That’s why; all atoms must have the same amount of protons and neutrons, to have a neutral combination between both positive and negative charges. A single unit of proton is known to have +1 elementary charge; as for a single unit of an electron has a -1 elementary charge. Take any random atom, it is known to have 5 protons and 7 neutrons; so it has a +5 (positive) elementary charge and a -7 (negative) elementary charge, overall it has a -2 (elementary charge) and that is a negative net charge from the resulting combination of the electrons and protons. Any atoms, which don’t have an equal amount of both protons and electrons, are all referred as ions. Atoms that have more electrons than protons would simply make it a negatively charged and it

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