Atomic Structure Research Paper

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David Kemp OCR Chemistry A Unit 1: F321 Atomic Structure (a) describe protons, neutrons and electrons in terms of relative charge and relative mass; Proton +1 1 Neutron 0 1 Electron -1 1/2000 Relative Charge Relative Mass (b) describe the distribution of mass and charge Within an atom; Positively charged Nucleus containing most of the mass, surrounded by atomic shells with orbiting electrons of negative charge and negligible mass. (c) describe the contribution of protons and neutrons to the nucleus of an atom, in terms of atomic (proton) number and mass (nucleon) number. The atomic number of the nucleus, also the proton number, shows the number of protons in the nucleus. It also defines the element. The number of neutrons added to the number of protons is the nucleon number or mass number. Eg. 12C 6 - 12 is the nucleon number, and 6 is the proton number. The number of neutrons can be found by subtracting the atomic number from the nucleon number. (d) deduce the numbers of protons, neutrons and electrons in: The number of…show more content…
1. Atomic radius increases 2. Electron shielding increases 3. The nuclear attraction between the electrons and the nucleus therefore increases, making it harder for the outer shell to gain an electron into the p-subshell. (d) describe the term disproportionation as a reaction in which an element is simultaneously oxidised and reduced, illustrated by: (i) the reaction of chlorine with water as used in water purification, Cl2(aq) + H2O(l) -----> HClO(aq) + HCl(aq) (ii) the reaction of chlorine with cold, dilute aqueous sodium hydroxide, as used to form bleach, Cl2(aq) + 2NaOH(aq) ----> NaCl(aq) + NaClO(aq) +

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