In the following paragraphs both a quantitative and qualitative research article will be compared and contrasted in relation to the problem statement, purpose statement, and research questions in each study. Problem Statement In the quantitative problem statement the author presents the topic, research problem, justification of why the problem should be studied, lack of existing knowledge on the subject, and the audience that will benefit from the problem being researched. The same components are present in the qualitative
In the following paragraphs I will address each question purposed as it relates to Martha Rogers’s theory of the Science of Unitary Human Beings. The questions deal with the purpose, concepts, relationships, structure and assumptions of the theory. I will then utilize the critical reflection concept of the model to further evaluate the theory. Purpose of the Science of Unitary Human Beings The purpose of the Science of Unitary Human Beings (Blumenshein, 2009) was to allow nurses a chance to look at the world with alternative eyes. The theory suggests that human beings and the environment cannot be understood unless they are studied as a whole.
A Paper Presented to Dr. Nyugen In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements in Education by Student: Helena N. Gray May 24, 2010 Qualitative & Quantitative Research Qualitative Research This paper describes qualitative research and contrasts it with quantitative research. Because qualitative and quantitative methods involve differing strengths and weaknesses, they constitute alternative, but not mutually exclusive, strategies for research. (Patton, 1990, p. 14). According to Gay et al, as cited in Mertler & Charles (p. 192), qualitative research involves the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data, largely narrative and visual in nature, in order to gain insights into a particular phenomenon of interest. Qualitative research is defined as any kind of research that produces findings that do not arrive by means of statistical procedures or other means of quantification (Strauss & Corbin, 1990, p. 17).
The descriptive designs in a social research are geared to answer the “what, where, when and how” questions normally asked in research. Furthermore, Bickman and Rog (1998) also suggest that descriptive studies can answer questions such as “what is” or “what was.” This research design was therefore chosen as most of the questions in this study are the “what” questions. For instance the study will
How to Write an Introduction for a Qualitative Research Study by Samuel Hamilton, Demand Media An introduction for a qualitative research report reveals its subject and research methods. Social scientists such as sociologists, psychologists and anthropologists use qualitative research studies to draw conclusions about a human or social problem related to their respective fields. As the subject of social scientists fundamentally resists quantification, qualitative research studies are a way to interpret behavior or attitudes. The introduction of a qualitative research study is meant to open up the report in a way that simultaneously provides an overview of the report’s conclusions as well as draws a reader into the details of the report. Step 1 Open your introduction with a statement related to the human or social problem your qualitative research study investigates.
Quantitative research usually contains numbers, proportions and statistics (Sherry, Fulford, & Zhang, 1998) . To do a traditional research in education, you are doing a scientific study that will be specific, to collect, analyze and to interpret information related to a question, such as that it will permit you to answer the question (Sherry, Fulford, & Zhang, 1998 ). To form conclusions derived from you analyses and to use the conclusions to
In this assignment, I will examine the importance of classroom based research (CBR) and discuss its effectiveness when implemented in teaching. Research is defined broadly throughout the academic field. Hitchcock and Hughes (1995, p.5) define research as the means of attaining and interpreting “information and data”. According to Lambert (2012, p.12), “research is purposeful investigation, aimed at finding out things we did not know before”. As shown by Wilson (2013, pp.4-7), CBR identifies information by means of “empirical and theoretical work” based on different aspects of the classroom.
Quantitative data is data that is usually in the form of numerical or statistical data while qualitative data is a categorical measurement expressed not in the terms of numbers but rather by a means of a natural language description. One way to acquire quantitative data is surveys while participant and non participant observations , case studies and unstructured interviews to get qualitative data. If the researcher decides to use any of the quantitative research method , they should always consider the size, cost and the purpose of the research whereas with the qualitative, they should take into consideration how they would like to interact with the respondents may it be directly, them knowing that they are being researched on or indirectly, where they don't know and the researcher joins their daily activities pretending to be one of them. A common way of conducting qualitative research is by using a survey and they use usually involve filling in a questionnaire. An advantage of a survey is that you can get lots of data in a relatively short space of time and a disadvantage is that the responses may not always be specific.
Quantitative research is usually used after qualitative data has been gathered and uses that information to construct its own research gathering techniques. The goal of quantitative data is to classify data or to create statistical models for explaining observations (Experiment Resources, 2012). Generally qualitative studies will use researchers as the main tool for gathering data. Researchers in qualitative studies will use interviews and other verbal communication tools to gather data; quantitative research differs from this in that it collects data from questionnaires and surveys to compile information. The distinction is made that in an interview the people involved can clarify and describe answers while, in a survey or questionnaire the participant is constrained to the descriptions provided which will be the same for each person.
Qualitative and Quantitative Studies in Special Education Jeanantry Henderson RES/351 August 16, 2014 Darron Williams Introduction This research paper will compare and contrast qualitative and quantitative designs. The strengths and weaknesses of the designs will be outlined. How the designs can be used most effectively in a combined approach. Last, the method that is used for research in business on a daily basis. The Qualitative and Quantitative Design Qualitative research can be done for multiple purposes, however, these might be condensed to fit the National Research Council’s categories of producing descriptive or procedural knowledge; that is, answering questions about “what is happening?” and “why or how it is happening?” (Shavelson & Towne, 2002, p. 99).