However, it has no clear definition in which a mutual consensus has been agreed. Those definitions which have been offered forward have been developed to encompass many different aspects of what intelligence is, which is why it may seem there is so many different definitions. Jensen suggests that intelligence is a "general factor that runs through all types of different performances" in contrast to this thought, Anastasi (1992) suggests intelligence is "not a single unitary ability but rather a composite of several functions". These definitions represent two types of explicit theories that dominate thinking in intelligence research which will be discussed later in this essay. The way in which we perceive intelligence and what it means to us is often largely dependent on the culture we live in.
Howard Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences Denise Mack PSY/300 General Psychology October 16, 2011 Professor Bowen Howard Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences is in contrast to the theory that intelligence is a single cognitive intelligence measured using the psychometric approach. Gardner’s theory is more personalized and customized making it a much broader view of intelligence. While there are many forms of intelligence included in his theory, Gardner focuses on eight specific areas. The Eight Intelligences Howard Gardner’s approach is to identify a person’s strengths to show what areas of intelligence they excel in rather than focus on how smart a person is. His eight areas of intelligence are as follows: musical, bodily/kinesthetic, spatial, linguistic or verbal, logical/mathematical, naturalist, interpersonal, and intrapersonal.
Dr. Gardner developed his theory of multiple intelligences in 1983. Dr. Gardner developed this theory due to his belief that the “classical view of intelligence”, which was based solely on a person’s Intelligence Quotient (IQ), was extremely limited. Dr. Gardner believes that humans have several different methods of learning and that each of these methods are independent from one another. Although Dr. Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences was initially developed in the field of psychology, it is viewed by some as a major contribution to the field of education. The Theory of Multiple Intelligences “The theory of multiple intelligences identifies eight intelligences: musical, bodily/kinesthetic (Such as the control over the body and movement that distinguishes great athletes and dancers), spatial (the use of mental maps), linguistic or verbal, logical/mathematical, naturalist, intraper- sonal (self-understanding), and interpersonal (social skills)” (Kowalski & Weston, 2009, p.279).
(Neuroscience of Intelligence-“Left”)In order to further academic study on this topic, psychologist Howard Gardner came up with the seven types of intelligence in 1983. The seven types of intelligence are: Linguistic, logical-mathematical, bodily-kinetic, spatial, musical, intrapersonal, and interpersonal. In addition to this list, Gardner added natural intelligence and existential intelligence too in 1990. Of these types of intelligence and what they are based off of, some benefit each dominance. Right-brain dominant people are linguistic, spatial, musical, and intrapersonal.
Can intelligence change? To what extent is intelligence malleable? Extended Essay: Psychology Name: Candidate number: School: Nörre Gymnasium Word count: 37811 Abstract This essay investigated the research question: To what extent is intelligence malleable? It was necessary to start by presenting the debate on defining intelligence since there is not a complete consensus among psychologists, however, this paper accepted a definition which is generally accepted by respected psychologists; that ‘intelligence is the ability to deal with cognitive complexity’ (Gottfredson, 1998). In presenting and analysing empirical evidence such as Howe (1997) supporting the thesis that intelligence can, in fact, change under the right conditions and given enough time, a strong indication of malleability is provided.
Week 4 Assignment Gardner’s Theory EXP105: Personal Dimensions of Education Hannah Pope Would you agree that there are separate sources in the brain that can stimulate and support various learning modes? Well that’s exactly what Gardner’s Theory of Seven Intelligences is. I can agree with that and can relate to it as well. Mark Smith (2002, 2008) wrote that “Howard Gardner has questioned the idea that intelligence is a single entity, that it results from a single factor. Howard Gardner viewed intelligence as 'the capacity to solve problems or to fashion products that are valued in one or more cultural setting' (Gardner & Hatch, 1989).
Also there has become an increase in Indian roles in the media which breaks the stereotypes and gives the audience something to ponder over. Gramsci looked at how the ruling elite used media and other forms of promotion to maintain status quo and keep the power in their hands. He also believed that the elite targets subordinate groups to manipulate facts and opinions in society, thus creating stereotypes. Stuart Hall was the most influential promoter of hegemony as he strongly believed that the media helped the elite by representing groups in certain ways i.e. a “professional code” to empower the interests of the elite.
Running Head: GARDNER INTELLIGENCE Howard Gardner Intelligence Paper Howard Gardner’s Intelligence Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences views intelligence as “an ability or set of abilities that is used to solve problems or fashion products that are of consequence in a particular cultural setting” (Kowalski & Westen, 2009, p. 279). Within Gardner’s theory exists eight different intelligences, each contributing to an individual’s ability to be personally successful in solving problems or solving culturally significant products (Kowalski & Westen, 2009). Gardner believes there is no standard intelligence that an individual relies on for the capacity of problem solving, but several which collaboratively allow an individual to function. In addition Gardner views intelligence as having to do with more than just logical and linguistic abilities, but different types of intelligences which are also needed for practical problem solving (Kowalski & Westen, 2009). Gardner’s eight intelligences help to explain in which ways individuals are intelligent opposed to the traditional view of how intelligent we are Kowalski & Westen, 2009).
You cannot out beat the new law enforcement technologies. I watch a lot of criminals show, and I’m always trying to figure out how they are finding out the information. I always thought they were just a group of intelligent individuals, but it’s the technology. If you don’t know about the new technology it will be my pleasure to inform you in the next few paragraphs. The Enclosed Space Protection System and the High Definition Surveying are two new technologies that law enforcement is using.
Howard Gardner seven stages of intelligences Howard Gardner viewed intelligence as the ability to unscramble problems; he believed that psychometrics or IQ tests could not calculate a person’s intelligence. Howard Gardner supposed that every human being possesses different ways to learn and process information. He defines intelligence as the capacity to decipher problems and his theory states that learning is rooted within genetic sources. Gardner argues that there are particular sites in the brain, in control of these individual intelligences. These intelligences accompany each other and operate simultaneously which enables a person to develop skills and assist with solving problems.