Psya3 Example Exam Answer

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Outline Gardner`s theory of multiple intelligence The psychometric theory has been criticised by Gardner, he said that there is not just one kind of intelligence. Gardner proposed that there are eight separate kinds of intelligence, she referred to these as domains. He believed that each of these domains act as a separate system in the brain. These domains are linguistic which is the spoken language, logical/mathematical which is abstract thought and the ability to reason, special which is a real world ability and the mental rotation of images, musical which is the creation and appreciation of music, bodily/kinaesthetic which is fine motor skills, intrapersonal which is the understanding of other people’s feelings and the final domain is natural which is understanding the natural world. The first three of these domains (linguistic, logical and special) are recognised in the traditional intelligence testing, however the last five are new concepts in terms of intelligence. Gardner proposed that in order to understand intelligence we must first understand how all the domains interact. He also suggested a ninth type of intelligence, existential, yet he is not confident that it is actually a separate type of intelligence. Gardner revised his theory in 2006 and suggested that there are two overarching intelligence types searchlight intelligence and laser-like intelligence. Searchlight intelligence involves observing lots of different things or aspects of something; this type of intelligence is commonly found in politicians. Laser-like intelligence is fully mastering a discipline in lots of detail. This theory is more ethical than the psychometric approach as in avoids labelling people like traditional IQ tests do. Outline and evaluate the role of genetic factors in intelligence tests performance Galton suggested that intelligence was genetic, and based his theory on

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