] Protein Synthesis Bodies ! Cells ! DNA ! Bodies are made up of cells ! All cells run on a set of instructions spelled out in DNA DNA !
21. Describe the process of translation. Describe how mRNA translates the message into a protein? How are the amino acids brought to the ribosome? 22.
State one process other than cell growth, which occurs during phase G2. (1) b. Account for the changes in the quantity of DNA in the cell during mitosis. (2) 2. The diagrams below represent the chromosomes during stages in the process of mitosis.
Translation is when the mRNA is translated into a sequence of amino acids (protein). It takes place on the ribosome, in the cytoplasm. 2. What is the three letter base sequence called on mRNA? codon 3.
Errors in nucleotide sequences are called ____________________. 29. Errors in nucleotide sequencing are corrected by enzymes called ____________________ ____________________. 30. The circular DNA molecules in prokaryotes usually contain ____________________ replication forks during replication, while linear eukaryotic DNA contains many more.
3. Describe each stage of the flow of information starting with DNA and ending with a trait. Information will start with the DNA traveling to the RNA and into the protein. This information flow will also be followed through the cell as it travels from the DNA in the nucleus, and the Cytoplasm, then to the Ribosomes and the Endoplasmic Reticulum, and finally to the Golgi apparatus, this system packages the final products for export outside the cell (Science Daily, 2013). Reference UIC.edu.
All of the following statements correctly describe M-Cdk, EXCEPT: A. M-Cdk causes the cell to enter S phase and begin DNA replication. B. M-Cdk has two subunits, a protein kinase and a cyclin-type protein. C. M-Cdk only becomes active during M-phase. D. M-Cdk triggers many events by phosphorylating other proteins. 7.
A ribosome can also be known as the chemical factory. Messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) has the job of making copies of parts of the DNA as required by the body and taking it through the chemical factory. So in relation to the topic of this essay, a messenger mRNA comes along and takes a copy of a digestive enzyme from the DNA and squeezes through the pores with it into the cytoplasm . In this environment it heads towards the ribosomes and passes through the ribosome where protein synthesis and translation occurs. The protein then passes to the Golgi apparatus where it is processed and packaged or more simply modified and labelled for its digestive function then released in vesicles to go and perform its specific function.
Gizmo Warm-up The Building DNA Gizmo™ allows you to construct a DNA molecule and go through the process of DNA replication. Examine the components that make up a DNA molecule. 1. What are the two DNA components shown in the Gizmo? The DNA components shown in the Gizmo are phosphate molecules and deoxyribose sugars 2.
Rough ER transports these proteins to the regions in the cell where it is needed. | Ribosomes | A ribosome is composed of two parts known as the large and small subunits. Each of these is a combination of protein and a type of RNA known as rRNA. | the main thing they do is that they arrange the strands of the amino acids for use of the other parts of the cell and ultimately the body. | Goigi Apparatus | The main function of the Golgi apparatus is to be responsible for handling the macromolecules that are required for proper cell functioning | It packages and ships molecules made in the ER.