A month later, after his escape he was caught. In 1986, after serving 14 years of his original sentence he was released from prison on parole. He was not released for very long, as the June 24th event followed in 1987. On that day, William Van Poyck and Frank Valdez ambushed the guards in a doctor’s office parking lot in West Palm Beach Florida, who held their friend James O’Brien in custody. Poyck approached the van, aiming the gun at Officer Turner’s head.
In 1870, Tennessee creates a series of laws based on racial segregation which spreads throughout the South. In 1890, Louisiana passes the Separate Cars Act which separated train car passengers based on their race. Rodolphe Desdunes, a newspaper editor who challenged this law, sends his nephew, Homer Plessy, to test this law on the train. Plessy, who claims to be 7/8ths Caucasian and 1/8th African, boards a train and sits in the Caucasian train car. He was forcefully removed by police officers and imprisoned based on the provisions of this law.
His sentence is changed from manslaughter and he has now been sentenced to 18-20 years in prison for manslaughter, followed by four to five years in prison for illegal possession of a firearm. (Ryan, 2013) During a trial, the evidence is again presented to a court of law or a jury. Being sentenced to Capital Punishment is very unlikely to happen for Burke, as the state of Massachusetts has abolished Capital Punishment and only uses it in very severe cases where the suspect is tried federally (McCarthy, 2014) instead of regionally, like the Boston Bomber Case. Burke most likely got this sentence, because he pleaded guilty, possibly after enough evidence was gathered to prove his guilt and thereby “has taken responsibility for shooting the victim, resulting in his death, over what appears to have been a dispute about money” (Boston.com, 2013) Burke is most likely to receive this sentence, because it is exactly the crime he committed. He committed manslaughter which was proven by the messages on the phone and apparently other evidence that has been found.
“Plessy vs. Ferguson & Brown vs. Board of Education” Charles Peterson Grantham University In the Plessy v. Ferguson case, Plessy attempted to sit in the white section of a railroad car instead of the colored race section. He was then arrested for violating the Louisiana law of “separate but equal” railroad accommodations. At his trial, he was found guilty and put in jail. Even though Plessy was mostly white race but still had some black race in him, he was treated as though he was fully black race. The US Supreme Court’s ruling during Plessy’s appeal mentioned that Louisiana wasn’t violating the thirteenth or fourteenth amendments of the Constitution as long as there was equality.
On April 22, 1990, Rose pleaded guilty to two charges of filing false income tax returns not showing income he received from selling autographs, memorabilia, and from horse racing winnings. On July 20 , Rose was sentenced to five months to Prison in Marion, Illinois and fined $50,000. He was released on January 7, 1991 after having paid $366,041 in back taxes and interest. He then became banned from baseball. In 2004 Pete wrote Pete Rose: My Prison Without Bars with his friend Rick Hill.
In fact, the number of free blacks in the north began to outnumber the slaves. In 1830, 11 years before Northop’s story took place, “there were over 122,000 free blacks in these states and about 2700 slaves, almost all of them in New Jersey, which was the last northern state to begin to end slavery” (Finkleman and Malone). Of course, there were still some boundaries set by many people, such as blacks shouldn’t shop in white shops. This is made apparent in one of the first scenes of the film where Solomon and his family walk into a shop, owned by a white man, to buy a new bag. The man obviously has no problem with this but some people would.
If the incident in Tampa Bay does not show a person racism, this event might. In New York City, an average of seven Latin Americans were killed a year between 1986 to 1989, but in 1990, that number increased greatly. In that year,twenty-three Latin Americans were killed by police gunfire. When asked how he felt about racism being involved in police brutality,Yussuf Naimkly of the University of Regina commented: "Excessive police force against blacks has always been tolerated, because as a formally enslaved minority African Americans are trapped in a cultural context specifically designed to inhibit their development and thus minimize their threat to white hegemony" (C.C. 72) Executive Director of Police Misconduct Lawyers Referral Service Karol Heppe commented, “Brutality against minorities is a daily occurrence in Los Angeles,” she says.
Police brutality happens all the time, all over the world, for decades now. In 1967 a mad named Herman Goldstein was one of the first to note the complex nature of the police function. He wanted police departments and facilities to identify and fix when they saw police misconduct (Champion, 2001, p. 14). Police misconduct and brutality has only gone up and numbers after this period. February of 1999 and man named Amadou Diallo was unarmed when he was fired at 41 times by police officers, and even saying that the mayor of New York City, at the time, still were acquitted, stating that “ Probably until the day I die, I will always give the police officers the benefit of the doubt” (Progressive, 2000, p. 19) There continue to be frequent reports of unjustified police shootings, with officers firing at unarmed suspects, fleeing from non-violent crimes, at the end of pursuits, during traffic stops or in other circumstances.
After the Supreme Court ruling, the New Orleans Comité des Citoyens, which had brought the suit and had arranged for Homer Plessy's arrest in an act of civil disobedience in order to challenge Louisiana's segregation law, stated, "We, as freemen, still believe that we were right and our cause is sacred." Background In 1890, the state of Louisiana passed a law that required separate accommodations for blacks and whites on railroads, including separate railway cars. On June 7, 1892, Plessy bought a first-class ticket at the Press Street Depot and boarded a "whites only" car of the East Louisiana Railroad in New Orleans, Louisiana, bound for Covington, Louisiana. The railroad company, which opposed the law on the grounds that it would require the purchase of more railcars, had been previously informed of Plessy's racial lineage, and the intent to challenge the law. As planned, the train was stopped, and Plessy was taken off the train at Press and Royal streets.
Loving v. Virginia 388 U.S. 1 (1967) Facts: In June of 1958, Mildred Jeter, a black woman, and Richard Loving, a white man, got married in Washington, D.C. They returned back to their home state of Virginia only to be convicted of violating Virginia’s anti-miscegenation law that prohibited interracial marriage. They both pleaded guilty and were sentenced to one year in jail. The judge suspended those sentences on condition that the Lovings leave Virginia and not return for twenty-five years. Mildred and Richard moved to Washington D.C. and with the help of the ACLU (American Civil Liberties Union) they filled to have the sentence set aside on the ground that it violated their rights under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.