Plant Nutrition And The Nutrition Of The Horse Essay

1100 Words5 Pages
As well as needing carbon dioxide and water to synthesis carbohydrates, plants need minerals to make organic substances such as proteins. Discuss this statement and explain the implications of plant nutrition on the nutrition of the horse. (1000 words) Plants need carbon dioxide and water to synthesis carbohydrates as well as minerals to make organic substances such as proteins. The horse will eat the plant and in turn will ingest the nutrients held within the plant. If there is a deficiency within the plant when the horse eats it, then the horse will not receive the mineral nutrients that they require. Mineral nutrients come from the soil and are dissolved in water and absorbed through the plant’s root. If, after a soil analysis, there are not enough of these nutrients in the soil for a healthy plant growth, adding fertilizers to the soil will provide the lacking nutrients. Essential elements, required by an organism for growth and reproduction, include nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulphur, sodium and chlorine. Trace elements are required by the soil for fertility and include copper, manganese, molybdenum, zinc, iron and cobalt. The nutrients are divided into two groups, macronutrients and micronutrients. The roles in both the plant and the horse are described below. [1] Macronutrients are essential elements. Nitrogen is a part of all living cells and is a necessary part of all proteins, enzymes and metabolic processes involved in the synthesis and transfer of energy. Nitrogen is ingested by the horse in the form of proteins. Nitrogen is also part of chlorophyll, the green pigment of the plant that is responsible for photosynthesis. It helps the plant to grow and improves the quality of leaf and forage crops. Protein is required by the horse for growth and repair. Phosphorus is taken up by the plants as
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