The is a region of the sun where hot and cooler gases circulate in convection currents. a. chromoshpere b. photosphere c. corona d. convective zone 11. The motion of a planet traveling around the sun is called a. an orbit b. a revolution c. a rotation d. circling 12. The path that a planet takes while traveling around the sun is called a. an orbit b. a revolution c. a rotation d. circling 13. The spinning of a planet on its axis is called a. an orbit b. a revolution c. a rotation d. circling 14.
Due to this convergence (where winds move to a center point), air is forced to rise over that area. If enough moisture is available, the rising air cools and condenses (as cold air cannot hold water vapor below a certain temperature) into tiny water droplets which constitute the cloud. So, low pressure areas are usually the birth-place of clouds. Sometimes, particularly in the winter, fog forms over a high pressure area due to radiation cooling(due to clear sky conditions over a high pressure area).This fog sometimes lift and forms thick low cloud called "anticyclone gloom". (5 points) |Score | | | 4.
The air rises, then spreads horizontally to the north and south. Eventually the now cool air sinks and flows along the surface to replace the rising air at the equator, forming a circulation cell or a Hadley cell. It tends to sink at about 30° north and 30° south latitude. As the air sinks it warms and dries. Not only can sinking air not produce rain, but when it reaches the ground it absorbs water from the soil and vegetation, creating even more arid conditions.
Rising air currents take water, as vapor, up into the atmosphere; with the water form of "evapotranspiration," which is water transpired or from plants and that has evaporated from the soil. The cooler temperatures in the atmosphere cause it to condense in the clouds, which float around in the air until they fall from the sky as precipitation. Some precipitation falls as snow and can accumulate as hail, where it can stay, as ice crystals, for thousands of years. In warmer climates, snow melts, then warmer spring and summer months, and that water flows into streams and rivers, which eventually return it to the ocean, or into the groundwater, which eventually reach underground purifiers. Over time, the water continues to flow, some to return to the ocean, where the water cycle renews itself.
While moving through space these objects are known as meteoroids. The bright streaks that they produce while moving through Earth’s atmosphere are known as meteors. The term meteorite is also used for a meteoroid that has landed on the surface of a celestial body other than Earth. There are three main types of meteorites. The most abundant are stone meteorites which are primarily made up of silicate minerals such as olivine, pyroxene, and feldspar.
• Water droplets formed from condensation that are small remain suspended in the atmosphere in atmosphere in the form of clouds in the sky or fog at ground level. Dust particles need to be present around which the droplet can form. 3. Precipitation • Under the correct temperature and atmospheric pressure, the small water droplets in clouds become larger and precipitation occurs • This can be in the form of rain, hail, sleet or snow. 4.