The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) was created to help measure the needs for power, intimacy, and achievement in regards to motivation. The motivational view I agree with the least is the psychoanalytic view. “The psychoanalytic view of human motivation suggests that behavior is ultimately determined by unconscious sexual and aggressive drives and by the complex intrapsychic conflicts that arise in daily life.” (Pinel, J.P.J. 2008. p. 299). Freud had some beliefs that I believe have been outdated and further researched since his time.
It assumes that human problems come from operating on faulty, irrational beliefs. Some of these beliefs are conscious but many are not. Behavior Theory suggests that human actions are the results of what we have learned or been conditioned to do and that when these actions are reinforced consistently, by either reward or punishment, they become the basis of functioning in our lives. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy recognizes that thoughts and behaviors are connected and addresses both in its model. CBT is a problem-solving/task-centered approach which recognizes and challenges illogical and faulty beliefs in an effort to change negative or destructive behavior.
Q2. Explain how mental ill health may have an impact on the individual including: a) Psychological and emotional Mental illness can affect the individual in a deep way by affecting the way they feel thinks and feels. They may feel tearful and have feelings of worthlessness. b) Practical and financial Mental health problems may affect finances in many ways: * If the ability to work is affected there may be a sudden or, possibly, dramatic reduction in income. * If they spend time away from home, for example while they are cared for in hospital, it may be difficult to keep up to date with their financial commitments.
Systematic Desensitization deals with the assumption that anxiety arises through classical conditioning by the client’s previous contact with said phobias and their learned reactions to them (Goisman). It also relies on the principle of operant conditioning, due to the slow process of the therapy to get the client accustomed to something until they are used to it. Operant conditioning can be utilized to make permanent behavioral changes, thus helping clients to interact with their phobias without fear (Gelder, Marks, and Wolff). Three Treatment Steps Used With Systematic Desensitization The first step is to have the client develop a fear
Essay title: “Discuss the relationship between stress, anxiety, habits and phobias and describe how you would treat these issues with hypnotherapy” This essay considers the common debilitating and inter-related neurotic conditions of stress, anxiety, phobias and habits and provides a generalized account as to how each may be treated through the ethical use of hypnotherapy. Stress is the name given to how we feel under pressure, is a natural reaction, a normal part of everyday life and in small quantities helpful in motivating us to react in certain situations. Faced with stressful or dangerous situations, the body produces hormones to induce the “fight or flight” instinct. Feelings of stress can be experienced as anger, frustration and anxiety. Anxiety can be apprehension or fear, which causes stress.
Bipolar disorder without the proper treatment can negatively affect one’s life and the ones around them. In order to understand bipolar disorder, first we have to understand the difference between mania and depression. Depression is an acute mood disorder that consists of extreme feelings of sadness. Signs of depression are a person feeling worried, problems sleeping, a loss of interest in what a person normally takes pleasure in, and memory loss. People who suffer from depression feel a loss of purpose and value in life and themselves.
Assess the effects on those using the service of three different discriminatory practices in health and social care settings. Setting: Elderly Care Home Infringement on rights Infringement on rights is when the basic human rights are taken away from people, causing discriminatory practice whereby they will almost certainly not be receiving a good quality of care. Dependant on what rights are being taken away can vary the physical development, an example being that if the service user was to lose out on their right not to be treated inhuman or degrading way. There are many ways in which this right can be infringed on, such as if they have been attacked physically or psychologically in any way, which can then cause a knock on effect, especially during later adulthood, causing their bodies to become weaker. Due to this stage in life their bodies are already at a higher risk of harm and if this right was to be broken it may speed up this physical developmental norm.
Self-harm has many long term affects which can be very serious. If a person is misusing substances, they may become dependent on it, and suffer symptoms when they do not take any of the substance. It may also affect an adult’s mental health, leaving psychological and emotional scars, because they have felt so worthless and poorly of themselves that they will always carry this memory with them. If the adult was cutting themselves or burning themselves, they will carry scars from this. These scars may lower self-esteem in the long term as the individual may feel ashamed, also other people may see these scars causing embarrassment or bringing up bad memories so they can never forget.
o Moisture damage to the skin can be caused to the individual due to being unable to cope with or without aids or support. o There is an increased risk of infection. o Individual isolates self due to fear of unable to manage needs. o Cognitive deterioration due to dehydration. o Fearful of loss of dignity.
It plays a major role in shaping our society as well as us as individuals. The worst aspects of human nature usually flourish during conflict. However, sometimes the aftermath of conflict can also lead to these aspects. The key factors to explore the aspects of human nature in relation to conflict are focused on different consequences of social conflict encountered. They include, the change within oneself discovered during conflict due to inner turmoil and personal vengeance, the possession of power which leads to take advantage of people’s vulnerability and the adversities faced by individuals due to an immense sense of fear in the society as an aftermath of conflict.